Evolution of the extracranial approach for repair of CSF leaks: review of the literature and clinical cases.


The management of cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea changed with the advent of endoscopes in the early 1990s. The majority of repairs are now approached endoscopically, i.e., extracranially. This article reviews the evolution of the extracranial approach, as reported in the literature, concluding with the experience of the authors. A total of 15 patients were… (More)


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