Evolution of the brain and intelligence

  title={Evolution of the brain and intelligence},
  author={G. Roth and Ursula Dicke},
  journal={Trends in Cognitive Sciences},
  • G. Roth, Ursula Dicke
  • Published 2005
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Trends in Cognitive Sciences
  • Intelligence has evolved many times independently among vertebrates. Primates, elephants and cetaceans are assumed to be more intelligent than 'lower' mammals, the great apes and humans more than monkeys, and humans more than the great apes. Brain properties assumed to be relevant for intelligence are the (absolute or relative) size of the brain, cortex, prefrontal cortex and degree of encephalization. However, factors that correlate better with intelligence are the number of cortical neurons… CONTINUE READING
    1,384 Citations

    Figures, Tables, and Topics from this paper

    Is the Human Brain Unique
    • 5
    Evolution of the brain and intelligence in primates.
    • 55
    Neuronal factors determining high intelligence
    • U. Dicke, G. Roth
    • Biology, Medicine
    • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
    • 2016
    • 69
    • PDF
    Neuronal scaling rules for primate brains: the primate advantage.
    • 60
    Evolution of Cognitive Brains: Mammals
    • 2
    Cetaceans and Primates: Convergence in Intelligence and Self-Awareness
    • 2
    The Human Brain in Numbers: A Linearly Scaled-up Primate Brain
    • 922
    • Highly Influenced
    • PDF
    Brains matter, bodies maybe not: the case for examining neuron numbers irrespective of body size
    • 78
    Gorilla and Orangutan Brains Conform to the Primate Cellular Scaling Rules: Implications for Human Evolution
    • 54
    • Highly Influenced


    Convergence of Complex Cognitive Abilities in Cetaceans and Primates
    • L. Marino
    • Biology, Medicine
    • Brain, Behavior and Evolution
    • 2002
    • 246
    Humans and great apes share a large frontal cortex
    • 422
    • PDF
    The Pyramidal Cell in Cognition: A Comparative Study in Human and Monkey
    • 267
    • PDF
    Evolution of Human Intelligence: The Roles of Brain Size and Mental Construction
    • K. Gibson
    • Psychology, Medicine
    • Brain, Behavior and Evolution
    • 2002
    • 93
    A neuronal morphologic type unique to humans and great apes.
    • 462
    • PDF
    Brains, Innovations and Evolution in Birds and Primates
    • 492
    • PDF
    Brain Size in Vertebrates
    • 70