Evolution of the Miocene Old World monkeys in Africa: influence on the evolution of the extant hominoids

  title={Evolution of the Miocene Old World monkeys in Africa: influence on the evolution of the extant hominoids},
  author={Masato Nakatsukasa and Yutaka Kunimatsu},
  journal={Anthropological Science (japanese Series)},
This review examined the hypothesis that a competition with the Cercopithecoidea accounts for the decline of the “Hominoidea” (properly speaking, non-cercopithecoid catarrhines on the present-day consensus of catarrhine taxonomy) from the beginning of the Miocene in Africa, originally put forward by P. Andrews (1981) [Species diversity and diet in monkeys and apes during the Miocene. In: Stringer C.B. (ed.), Aspects of Human Evolution. Taylor & Francis Ltd., London, pp. 25–61]. The updated… Expand
The latest occurrence of the nyanzapithecines from the early Late Miocene Nakali Formation in Kenya, East Africa
The African primate fossil record is very poor between the mid-Middle and mid-Late Miocene. Nakali (~10–9.8 Ma) is one of the rare African localities that have yielded primate fossils from thisExpand
Oldest colobine calcaneus from East Asia (Zhaotong, Yunnan, China).
The present article focuses on the functional morphology of this complete calcaneus to reconstruct the positional habits, infer the paleocology, and understand the dispersal patterns of this fossil colobine. Expand


A New Late Miocene Species of Paracolobus and Other Cercopithecoidea (Mammalia: Primates) Fossils from Lemudong'o, Kenya
The Colobinae (Mammalia: Primates) are relatively unknown from the middle to late Miocene of eastern Africa. When they appear in the Pliocene fossil record they are unambiguous and fairly diverseExpand
Victoriapithecus: The key to Old World monkey and catarrhine origins
This work has suggested that limb bones with stronger terrestrial adaptations within the Maboko sample were derived cercopithecine remains, while those with more arboreal features belonged in the subfamily Colobinae and should be regarded as primitive. Expand
Hominoid teeth with chimpanzee-and gorilla-like features from the Miocene of Kenya: implications for the chronology of ape-human divergence and biogeography of Miocene hominoids
One of the major lacunae in our knowledge of African hominoid evolution concerns the origins of the chimpanzee and gorilla. Several thousand specimens from the Plio–Pleistocene of Africa have beenExpand
New cercopithecoids and a hominoid from 12.5 Ma in the Tugen Hills succession, Kenya.
Cercopithecoid primate specimens from a fossil site in the Ngorora Formation of the Tugen Hills, Kenya, belong to the genus Victoriapithecus, possibly a new species, and are associated with a hominoid specimen that resembles Proconsul, and another tooth of a catarrhine, also probably hominoids. Expand
A new species of great ape from the late Miocene epoch in Ethiopia
The combined evidence suggests that Chororapithecus may be a basal member of the gorilla clade, and that the latter exhibited some amount of adaptive and phyletic diversity at around 10–11 Myr ago. Expand
Systematics of early and middle Miocene Old World monkeys.
It is shown that basal cercopithecoid species from both northern and eastern Africa can be distinguished from one another on the basis of degree of lower molar bilophodonty, relative lower molars size, occlusal details, symphyseal construction, and mandibular shape. Expand
Evolutionary history of the Cercopithecidae.
  • E. Delson
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Contributions to primatology
  • 1975
Comparison with fossils suggests that the Fayum parapithecids are not specially related to the Old World monkeys, while other undoubted Fayum 'hominoids' may share derived features with monkeys. Expand
Catarrhines from the Middle Miocene (ca. 14.5 Ma) of Kipsaraman, Tugen Hills, Kenya
The discovery of a rich and diverse vertebrate fauna in the Middle Miocene Muruyur Formation (ca. 14.5 Ma), Tugen Hills, Kenya, provides a rare view of the structure of the catarrhine fauna from thisExpand
Origin of the hominidae : the record of African large hominoid evolution between 14 my and 4 my
Much progress has recently been made, but further hominoid specimens, coupled with environmental information from well-calibrated sequences, is necessary to elucidate the nature and causes of cladistic branching within the superfamily. Expand
Old World Monkeys: Old World monkey origins and diversification: an evolutionary study of diet and dentition
It is proposed that cercopithecoid bilophodonty evolved as a consequence of selection for an efficient grinding mechanism: lophs act as guides for interlocking cusps and basins during occlusion; the size of the entoconid grinding facet is expanded; and the functional life of the crown is lengthened by increasing crown height. Expand