Evolution of the Grain Dispersal System in Barley

  title={Evolution of the Grain Dispersal System in Barley},
  author={Mohammad Pourkheirandish and Goetz Hensel and Benjamin Kilian and Natesan Senthil and Guoxiong Chen and Mohammad Sameri and Perumal Azhaguvel and Shun Sakuma and Sidram Dhanagond and Rajiv B Sharma and Martin Mascher and Axel Himmelbach and Sven Gottwald and Sudha K. Nair and Akemi Tagiri and Fumiko Yukuhiro and Yoshiaki Nagamura and Hiroyuki Kanamori and Takashi Matsumoto and George Willcox and Christopher P. Middleton and Thomas M Wicker and Alexander Walther and Robbie Waugh and Geoffrey B. Fincher and Nils Stein and Jochen Kumlehn and Kazuhiro Sato and Takao Komatsuda},
About 12,000 years ago in the Near East, humans began the transition from hunter-gathering to agriculture-based societies. Barley was a founder crop in this process, and the most important steps in its domestication were mutations in two adjacent, dominant, and complementary genes, through which grains were retained on the inflorescence at maturity, enabling effective harvesting. Independent recessive mutations in each of these genes caused cell wall thickening in a highly specific grain… CONTINUE READING
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