Evolution of shame as an adaptation to social punishment and its contribution to social cohesiveness


Feelings of shame are common among humans although shameless individuals do not seem to be handicapped in achieving social success in life. What then is the adaptive value of shame? How can shame have evolved? Here I simulate shame as the emotion that induces an increase in pro-social behavior after receiving social punishment. Simulations with the agent… (More)
DOI: 10.1002/cplx.20244