Evolution of separate predation- and defence-evoked venoms in carnivorous cone snails


Venomous animals are thought to inject the same combination of toxins for both predation and defence, presumably exploiting conserved target pharmacology across prey and predators. Remarkably, cone snails can rapidly switch between distinct venoms in response to predatory or defensive stimuli. Here, we show that the defence-evoked venom of Conus geographus… (More)
DOI: 10.1038/ncomms4521


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