Evolution of cooperation by multilevel selection.

  title={Evolution of cooperation by multilevel selection.},
  author={Arne Traulsen and Martin A. Nowak},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
  volume={103 29},
We propose a minimalist stochastic model of multilevel (or group) selection. A population is subdivided into groups. Individuals interact with other members of the group in an evolutionary game that determines their fitness. Individuals reproduce, and offspring are added to the same group. If a group reaches a certain size, it can split into two. Faster reproducing individuals lead to larger groups that split more often. In our model, higher-level selection emerges as a byproduct of individual… CONTINUE READING
Highly Influential
This paper has highly influenced 22 other papers. REVIEW HIGHLY INFLUENTIAL CITATIONS
Highly Cited
This paper has 601 citations. REVIEW CITATIONS
Recent Discussions
This paper has been referenced on Twitter 1 time over the past 90 days. VIEW TWEETS

From This Paper

Figures, tables, and topics from this paper.


Publications citing this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 275 extracted citations

601 Citations

Citations per Year
Semantic Scholar estimates that this publication has 601 citations based on the available data.

See our FAQ for additional information.


Publications referenced by this paper.
Showing 1-7 of 7 references

Darwinian Dynamics (Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton)

  • R. E. Michod
  • 1999

Levels of Selection (Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton)

  • L. Keller
  • 1999

Foundations of Social Evolution (Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton)

  • S. A. Frank
  • 1998

Unto Others: The Evolution and Psychology of Unselfish Behavior (Harvard

  • E. Sober, D. S. Wilson
  • 1998

Adaption and Natural Selection: A Critique of Some Current Evolutionary Thought (Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton)

  • G. C. Williams
  • 1966

Evolution After Darwin, ed

  • A. E. Emerson
  • Tax, S. (Chicago Univ. Press,
  • 1960
1 Excerpt

Similar Papers

Loading similar papers…