Evolution of cooperation by multilevel selection.

@article{Traulsen2006EvolutionOC,
  title={Evolution of cooperation by multilevel selection.},
  author={Arne Traulsen and Martin A. Nowak},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
  year={2006},
  volume={103 29},
  pages={10952-5}
}
We propose a minimalist stochastic model of multilevel (or group) selection. A population is subdivided into groups. Individuals interact with other members of the group in an evolutionary game that determines their fitness. Individuals reproduce, and offspring are added to the same group. If a group reaches a certain size, it can split into two. Faster reproducing individuals lead to larger groups that split more often. In our model, higher-level selection emerges as a byproduct of individual… CONTINUE READING
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