Evolution of concepts of stress

  title={Evolution of concepts of stress},
  author={David S. Goldstein and Irwin J. Kopin},
  pages={109 - 120}
This essay describes the evolution of stress as a medical scientific idea. Claude Bernard, Walter B. Cannon and Hans Selye provided key founding concepts for the current view. Bernard introduced the idea of the internal environment bathing cells—the milieu intérieur—maintained by continual compensatory changes of bodily functions. Cannon coined the word, “homeostasis,” referring to a set of acceptable ranges of values for internal variables. Cannon taught that threats to homeostasis evoke… 

An update on physiological effects of stress

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Stress and health assessment

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The evolution of the concept of stress and the framework of the stress system

It is found although the concept of stress is developed from Selye's “general adaptation syndrome”, it has now expanded and evolved significantly and is now defined as a state of homeostasis being challenged, including both system stress and local stress.

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What is environmental stress? Insights from fish living in a variable environment

  • P. Schulte
  • Environmental Science
    Journal of Experimental Biology
  • 2014
It is suggested that viewing stressors as environmental changes that cause reductions in performance or fitness provides the broadest and most useful conception of the phenomenon of stress.

Stress and Longevity in Pastoral Ministry: A Phenomenological Study

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The problem of which cues, internal or external, permit a person to label and identify his own emotional state has been with us since the days that James (1890) first tendered his doctrine that "the

Heterogeneous neurochemical responses to different stressors: a test of Selye's doctrine of nonspecificity.

Selye defined stress as the nonspecific response of the body to any demand. Stressors elicit both pituitary-adrenocortical and sympathoadrenomedullary responses. One can test Selye's concept by

Neuroendocrine responses to experimentally-induced psychological stress in healthy humans