Evolution of colour vision in vertebrates

@article{Bowmaker1998EvolutionOC,
  title={Evolution of colour vision in vertebrates},
  author={James K. Bowmaker},
  journal={Eye},
  year={1998},
  volume={12},
  pages={541-547}
}
The expression of five major families of visual pigments occurred early in vertebrae evolution, probably about 350-400 million years ago, before the separation of the major vertebrate classes. Phylogenetic analysis of opsin gene sequences suggests that the ancestral pigments were cone pigments, with rod pigments evolving last. Modern teleosts, reptiles and birds have genera that possess rods and four spectral classes of cone each representing one of the five visual pigment families. The… 
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