Evolution of altruism in optional and compulsory games.

@article{Batali1995EvolutionOA,
  title={Evolution of altruism in optional and compulsory games.},
  author={J. Batali and P. Kitcher},
  journal={Journal of theoretical biology},
  year={1995},
  volume={175 2},
  pages={
          161-71
        }
}
In "optional" variants of the iterated prisoner's dilemma, players may choose whether or not to participate. Members of evolving populations playing optional variants of the iterated prisoner's dilemma by following inherited strategies tend to cooperate more than do members of populations playing the standard, "compulsory" version. This result is due to dynamical properties of the evolving systems: the populations playing the compulsory game can become stuck in states of low cooperation that… Expand
77 Citations
The Optional Prisoner's Dilemma in a Spatial Environment: Coevolving Game Strategy and Link Weights
  • 3
  • PDF
Evolving diverse populations of Prisoner’s Dilemma strategies
  • W. Ashlock
  • Computer Science
  • 2008 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation (IEEE World Congress on Computational Intelligence)
  • 2008
  • 4
Models of cooperation based on the Prisoner's Dilemma and the Snowdrift game
  • 651
  • PDF
Replicator dynamics for optional public good games.
  • 256
  • PDF
The evolution of quantitatively responsive cooperative trade.
  • 15
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 16 REFERENCES
The Evolution of Helping Behavior in Large, Randomly Mixed Populations
  • 87
The evolution of cooperation.
  • 9,555
  • PDF
Evolution and the Theory of Games
  • J. M. Smith
  • Sociology, Computer Science
  • American scientist
  • 1976
  • 7,101
  • PDF
Distinguishing mechanisms for the evolution of co-operation.
  • 442
Rover: A Strategy for Exploiting Cooperators in a Patchy Environment
  • 203
The evolution of outsider exclusion.
  • J. Peck
  • Economics, Medicine
  • Journal of theoretical biology
  • 1990
  • 48
The Evolution of Reciprocal Altruism
  • R. Trivers
  • Psychology
  • The Quarterly Review of Biology
  • 1971
  • 8,684
  • PDF
...
1
2
...