Evolution of a Secondary Sexual Dimorphism in the Toad, Bufo marinus

@article{Lee2001EvolutionOA,
  title={Evolution of a Secondary Sexual Dimorphism in the Toad, Bufo marinus},
  author={Julian C. Lee},
  journal={Copeia},
  year={2001},
  volume={2001},
  pages={928 - 935}
}
Abstract Adult females of the toad Bufo marinus significantly exceed adult males in snout–vent length (SVL), but at any SVL, adult males greatly exceed adult females in the robustness of the forelimbs. Secondary sexual shape dimorphism results from greater size and mass of the skeletal elements of males, and especially from their hypertrophied forelimb musculature. The dimorphism is particularly pronounced for those elements of the musculo-skeletal apparatus known or presumed to function in… 

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