Evolution of Swarming Behavior Is Shaped by How Predators Attack

@article{Olson2016EvolutionOS,
  title={Evolution of Swarming Behavior Is Shaped by How Predators Attack},
  author={Randal S. Olson and David B. Knoester and Christoph Adami},
  journal={Artificial Life},
  year={2016},
  volume={22},
  pages={299-318}
}
Animal grouping behaviors have been widely studied due to their implications for understanding social intelligence, collective cognition, and potential applications in engineering, artificial intelligence, and robotics. An important biological aspect of these studies is discerning which selection pressures favor the evolution of grouping behavior. In the past decade, researchers have begun using evolutionary computation to study the evolutionary effects of these selection pressures in predator… 
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