Evolution of Male Parental Care and Female Multiple Mating: Game‐Theoretical and Two‐Locus Diploid Models

@article{Wakano2005EvolutionOM,
  title={Evolution of Male Parental Care and Female Multiple Mating: Game‐Theoretical and Two‐Locus Diploid Models},
  author={Joe Yuichiro Wakano and Yasuo Ihara},
  journal={The American Naturalist},
  year={2005},
  volume={166},
  pages={E32 - E44}
}
Males gain a fitness benefit by mating with many females, whereas the number of progeny per female does not increase as a function of additional mates. Furthermore, males run the risk of investing in the offspring of other males if they provide parental care. Nevertheless, in various species, males provide parental care, and females mate with multiple males. We investigate a game‐theoretical model in which females gain a direct benefit by multiple mating from the paternal care they elicit for… 
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