Evolution in Time and Space -the Parallel Genetic Algorithm

  • Heinz M Uhlenbein
  • Published 1991


The parallel genetic algorithm (PGA) uses two major modiications compared to the genetic algorithm. Firstly, selection for mating is distributed. Individuals live in a 2-D world. Selection of a mate is done by each individual independently in its neighborhood. Secondly, each individual may improve its tness during its lifetime by e.g. local hill-climbing. The PGA is totally asynchronous, running with maximal eeciency on MIMD parallel computers. The search strategy of the PGA is based on a small number of active and intelligent individuals, whereas a GA uses a large population of passive individuals. We will investigate the PGA with deceptive problems and the traveling salesman problem. We outline why and when the PGA is succesful. Abstractly, a PGA is a parallel search with information exchange between the individuals. If we represent the optimization problem as a tness landscape in a certain connguration space, we see, that a PGA tries to jump from two local minima to a third, still better local minima, by using the crossover operator. This jump is (probabilistically) successful, if the tness landscape has a certain correlation. We show the correlation for the traveling salesman problem by a connguration space analysis. The PGA explores implicitly the above correlation.

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Uhlenbein1991EvolutionIT, title={Evolution in Time and Space -the Parallel Genetic Algorithm}, author={Heinz M Uhlenbein}, year={1991} }