Evolution and the Neurosciences Down–Under

  title={Evolution and the Neurosciences Down–Under},
  author={M. Macmillan},
  journal={Journal of the History of the Neurosciences},
  pages={150 - 196}
  • M. Macmillan
  • Published 2009
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
At the end of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth century three Australians made notable contributions to founding the neurosciences: Alfred Walter Campbell (1868–1937) conducted the first extensive histological studies of the human brain; Grafton Elliot Smith (1871–1937) studied the monotreme brain and established the basis for understanding the mammalian brain; and Stanley David Porteus (1883–1972) extended his studies of intellectual disability to encompass the relation between… Expand
1 Citations
Pre-Brodmann pioneers of cortical cytoarchitectonics II: Carl Hammarberg, Alfred Walter Campbell and Grafton Elliot Smith.
The present study and the preceding paper revisit landmark discoveries that paved the way to the definition of the renowned Brodmann areas in the human cerebral cortex, in an attempt to rectifyExpand


Alfred Walter Campbell (1868–1937)
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The Australian Alfred Walter Campbell carried out painstaking histological studies on sections of multiple regions of the cerebral cortex in normal humans, those with various types of neurological deficit, and in various animal species, including some of the monkeys which the physiologist CS Sherrington had studied in nearby Liverpool. Expand
Your Brain and Its Story
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Except for a slightly uncritical acceptance of some kinds of data, this book presents a readable and, on the whole, an understandable picture of the human nervous system. Expand
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Observations on the physiology of the cerebral cortex of some of the higher apes. (Preliminary communication.)
We have been engaged for some time past on inquiry into the physiology of the cerebral cortex of the anthropoid apes. We are able to lay before the Society some new facts regarding the topographicalExpand
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The currently popular view of Rivers as a quasi-Freudian humanist is challenged and his theories concerning the war neuroses and the unconscious are challenged. Expand
XVII.—The Craniology, Racial Affinities, and Descent of the Aborigines of Tasmania
The Anatomical Museum of the University of Edinburgh contains a valuable collection of the skulls of the aborigines of Tasmania, which has not as yet been described. As the skulls of this now extinctExpand
The Epidemiology of Acute Encephalomyelitis (“X Disease”) in Australia. 1
THIS paper deals with the epidemiology of a disease which occurred in parts of the State of New South Wales, Australia, during the late summer of the years 1917 and 1918-a disease which anatomicallyExpand
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Some related aspects of platypus electroreception: temporal integration behaviour, electroreceptive thresholds and directionality of the bill acting as an antenna.
A new behaviour in response to electrical stimuli below the thresholds previously reported is presented and it is shown that some information about the distance to the source is theoretically available from the pattern of field decay across the platypus's bill. Expand