Evolution and the Neurosciences Down–Under

@article{Macmillan2009EvolutionAT,
  title={Evolution and the Neurosciences Down–Under},
  author={M. Macmillan},
  journal={Journal of the History of the Neurosciences},
  year={2009},
  volume={18},
  pages={150 - 196}
}
  • M. Macmillan
  • Published 2009
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
At the end of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth century three Australians made notable contributions to founding the neurosciences: Alfred Walter Campbell (1868–1937) conducted the first extensive histological studies of the human brain; Grafton Elliot Smith (1871–1937) studied the monotreme brain and established the basis for understanding the mammalian brain; and Stanley David Porteus (1883–1972) extended his studies of intellectual disability to encompass the relation between… Expand
1 Citations
Pre-Brodmann pioneers of cortical cytoarchitectonics II: Carl Hammarberg, Alfred Walter Campbell and Grafton Elliot Smith.
The present study and the preceding paper revisit landmark discoveries that paved the way to the definition of the renowned Brodmann areas in the human cerebral cortex, in an attempt to rectifyExpand

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 80 REFERENCES
Alfred Walter Campbell (1868–1937)
  • M. Eadie
  • Medicine
  • Journal of Neurology
  • 2003
TLDR
The Australian Alfred Walter Campbell carried out painstaking histological studies on sections of multiple regions of the cerebral cortex in normal humans, those with various types of neurological deficit, and in various animal species, including some of the monkeys which the physiologist CS Sherrington had studied in nearby Liverpool. Expand
Your Brain and Its Story
  • H. Burr
  • Medicine
  • The Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
  • 1939
TLDR
Except for a slightly uncritical acceptance of some kinds of data, this book presents a readable and, on the whole, an understandable picture of the human nervous system. Expand
The Brain-Stem and Cerebellum of Echidna aculeata
TLDR
This study reveals that some of the features of the hemispheres are explicable from the development of the lower centres of Echidna and uses this as a basis for comparison with Ornithorhynchus. Expand
Observations on the physiology of the cerebral cortex of some of the higher apes. (Preliminary communication.)
We have been engaged for some time past on inquiry into the physiology of the cerebral cortex of the anthropoid apes. We are able to lay before the Society some new facts regarding the topographicalExpand
STUDY OF THE CORRELATION OF THE HUMAN SKULL.
TLDR
The reconstruction of an organism from a knowledge of some only of its parts is a problem which has occupied the attention of biologists for many years past, and anatomists having provided large series of measurements, it has become possible to reconsider the problem on a sounder basis. Expand
W. H. R. Rivers and the war neuroses.
  • A. Young
  • Sociology, Medicine
  • Journal of the history of the behavioral sciences
  • 1999
TLDR
The currently popular view of Rivers as a quasi-Freudian humanist is challenged and his theories concerning the war neuroses and the unconscious are challenged. Expand
XVII.—The Craniology, Racial Affinities, and Descent of the Aborigines of Tasmania
The Anatomical Museum of the University of Edinburgh contains a valuable collection of the skulls of the aborigines of Tasmania, which has not as yet been described. As the skulls of this now extinctExpand
The Epidemiology of Acute Encephalomyelitis (“X Disease”) in Australia. 1
THIS paper deals with the epidemiology of a disease which occurred in parts of the State of New South Wales, Australia, during the late summer of the years 1917 and 1918-a disease which anatomicallyExpand
The sensory world of the platypus.
  • J. Pettigrew, P. Manger, S. Fine
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences
  • 1998
TLDR
The combined electroreceptor and mechanoreceptor array in the bill is considered in detail, with special reference to the elaborate cortical structure, where inputs from these two sensory arrays are integrated in a manner that is astonishingly similar to the stripe-like ocular dominance array in primate visual of cortex. Expand
Some related aspects of platypus electroreception: temporal integration behaviour, electroreceptive thresholds and directionality of the bill acting as an antenna.
TLDR
A new behaviour in response to electrical stimuli below the thresholds previously reported is presented and it is shown that some information about the distance to the source is theoretically available from the pattern of field decay across the platypus's bill. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...