Evolution and the Biosynthesis of Ascorbic Acid

@article{Chatterjee1973EvolutionAT,
  title={Evolution and the Biosynthesis of Ascorbic Acid},
  author={I. B. Chatterjee},
  journal={Science},
  year={1973},
  volume={182},
  pages={1271 - 1272}
}
The ability to synthesize ascorbic acid is absent in the insects, invertebrates, and fishes. The biosynthetic capacity started in the kidney of amphibians, resided in the kidney of reptiles, became transferred to the liver of mammals, and finally disappeared from the guinea pig, the flying mammals, monkey, and man. A similar transition in the biosynthetic ability was observed in the branched evolution of the birds. 
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TLDR
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TLDR
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BIOSYNTHESIS OF ASCORBIC ACID IN PLANTS: A Renaissance.
TLDR
The description in 1996 of an Arabidopsis thaliana mutant deficient in ascorbic acid prompted renewed research effort in this area, and subsequently in 1998 a new pathway was discovered that is backed by strong biochemical and molecular genetic evidence.
Biochemistry and molecular biology of ascorbic acid biosynthesis.
TLDR
This chapter focuses on the genetic basis of the incapability of humans, guinea pigs, and the scurvy-prone mutant rat to biosynthesize ascorbic acid.
Catalase and peroxidase activities in response to ascorbic acid feeding in aging Zaprionus paravittiger (Diptera)
Two antioxidative enzymes, catalase and peroxidase, were studied in banana fruit flies fed on cornmeal agar media (CMA) as well as ascorbic acid (0.05 M) supplemented CMA. Females of Zaprionus
Biosynthesis and metabolism of ascorbic acid in plants
TLDR
The biosynthesis of L‐ascorbic acid in plants differs from that encountered in ascorbic acid‐synthesizing animals, and in vivo studies with tracers clearly establish the stereochemical detail of both processes.
Primitive actimoterigian fishes can synthesize ascorbic acid
TLDR
The accepted evolutionary pathway for ascorbic acid biosynthesis in lower vertebrates is questioned and it is suggested that the modern bony fishes,Teleostei, lost their ability to express the gulonolactone oxidase genes after they had separated during the Silurian from their common ancestor with the coelacanths and Dipnoi.
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References

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TLDR
The ability of several species of birds to synthesize L-ascorbic acid is correlated with their phylogeny, and the pattern of evolution of the ascorbic acid pathway among birds is similar to that among mammals.
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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