Evolution: What makes a modern human

  title={Evolution: What makes a modern human},
  author={Christopher B. Stringer},
We probably all carry genes from archaic species such as Neanderthals. Chris Stringer explains why the DNA we have in common is more important than any differences. 

Revising the human mutation rate: implications for understanding human evolution

The implications of a lower-than-expected mutation rate in relation to the timescale of human evolution are discussed.

Human evolution: a tale from ancient genomes

Among the emerging areas of aDNA research, the analysis of past epigenomes is set to provide more new insights into human adaptation and disease susceptibility through time.

Merging morphological and genetic evidence to assess hybridization in Western Eurasian late Pleistocene hominins

The degree to which cranial variation seen in the fossil record of late Pleistocene hominins from Western Eurasia corresponds with current genetic and comparative data is explored, and the findings indicate some correspondence between these different lines of evidence.

Hybridization in human evolution: Insights from other organisms

A range of examples relevant to questions about the evolution of hominins are presented, highlighting potential drivers of human evolution in the context of hybridization including: influences on adaptive evolution, climate change, developmental systems, sex‐differences in behavior, Haldane's rule and the large X‐effect, and transgressive phenotypic variation.

The Origin of Modern East Asians

The evidence for anatomical, behavioral and genetic modernity in East Asia is examined to show that these three aspects of modernity are linked through demographic changes that began in the late Pleistocene - increased survivorship and population expansions that changed the course of human evolution.

Survival of Homo Sapiens– A Retrospect Analysis

Our understanding of human evolution is in the form of evidence of available fossil remains based on discoveries made in the last two hundred years. Most of these discoveries are incidental in nature

The origin and evolution of Homo sapiens

  • C. Stringer
  • Geography, Environmental Science
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2016
It is argued that human fossils such as those from Jebel Irhoud, Florisbad, Eliye Springs and Omo Kibish 2 do represent early members of the species, but variation across the African later middle Pleistocene/early Middle Stone Age fossils shows that there was not a simple linear progression towards later sapiens morphology, and there was chronological overlap between different ‘archaic’ and ‘modern’ morphs.

Complete genomes of Hairstreak butterflies, their speciation, and nucleo-mitochondrial incongruence

A 729 Mbp genome assembly of the Calycopis cecrops is reported, the first genome from the family Lycaenidae and the largest available Lepidoptera genome, suggesting common speciation mechanisms in these butterflies.

Biology and Philosophy. III. About Mongrels and How to Shoot down a Crab from a Tree

The history of mating between Homo sapiens, Neanderthals, Denisovans and one or more unknown hominids is presented and it is suggested that this mixture produced individuals able to build great civilizations.

Diagnosing Homo sapiens in the fossil record

It is concluded that, although it may not be possible or even desirable to cleanly partition out a homogenous morphological description of recent H. sapiens in the fossil record, there are key, distinguishing morphological traits in the cranium, dentition and pelvis that can be usefully employed to diagnose the H. Sapiens lineage.



Genetic history of an archaic hominin group from Denisova Cave in Siberia

A tooth found in Denisova Cave carries a mitochondrial genome highly similar to that of the finger bone, further indicating that Denisovans have an evolutionary history distinct from Neanderthals and modern humans.

Genetic evidence for archaic admixture in Africa

DNA sequence data gathered from 61 noncoding autosomal regions in a sample of three sub-Saharan African populations are used to test models of African archaic admixture and suggest that polymorphisms present in extant populations introgressed via relatively recent interbreeding with hominin forms that diverged from the ancestors of modern humans in the Lower-Middle Pleistocene.

A Draft Sequence of the Neandertal Genome

The genomic data suggest that Neandertals mixed with modern human ancestors some 120,000 years ago, leaving traces of Ne andertal DNA in contemporary humans, suggesting that gene flow from Neand Bertals into the ancestors of non-Africans occurred before the divergence of Eurasian groups from each other.

The Shaping of Modern Human Immune Systems by Multiregional Admixture with Archaic Humans

Analysis of highly polymorphic human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I, vital immune system components subject to strong balancing selection, shows how modern humans acquired the HLA-B*73 allele in west Asia through admixture with archaic humans called Denisovans, a likely sister group to the Neandertals.

The Race Gallery: The Return of Racial Science

Genetics and human anthropology were often deeply racist disciplines before World War II; hierarchies of intelligence and ability among races were drawn up, and it was thought that the unfit should

Les restes crâniens d'Omo-Kibish et leur classification à l'intérieur du genre Homo

Extr. de res. d'A. Les restes d'Omo-Kibish ont ete reexamines a la lumiere de nouvelles decouvertes, dont celle de l'Arago. La datation des restes de Kibish a ete revue et une nouvelle reconstitution

The Return of Racial Science (Jonathan Cape, 1995)

  • CORRECTION The article ‘A plan for mental illness’
  • 2012

A Distinction without a Definable Difference

  • In Fossil Man: New Facts, New Ideas. Papers in Honour of Jan Jelínek’s Life Anniversary (eds Novotný V.V. and Mizerová, A.) Anthropos (Brno) 23, 41–53
  • 1986