Evolution, consequences and future of plant and animal domestication

  title={Evolution, consequences and future of plant and animal domestication},
  author={Jared M. Diamond},
Domestication interests us as the most momentous change in Holocene human history. Why did it operate on so few wild species, in so few geographic areas? Why did people adopt it at all, why did they adopt it when they did, and how did it spread? The answers to these questions determined the remaking of the modern world, as farmers spread at the expense of hunter–gatherers and of other farmers. 
The nature of selection during plant domestication
It is demonstrated that a synthesis from the twin vantage points of genetics and archaeology can expand the understanding of the nature of evolutionary selection that accompanies domestication.
Geographical distribution of domestic animals: a historical perspective.
This article takes three examples, those of the domestic dog, domestic goat and European rabbit, to illustrate the history of three different domestication processes using the contemporary means available.
Biogeography of the Anthropocene
Domestication is an important dimension to consider in understanding the biogeographical implications of the Anthropocene, and research driven by advances in molecular biology and information sciences is now able to elucidate obscure phylogenetic relationships complicated by past hybridization and chromosome rearrangements.
Animals and the prehistoric origins of economic development
This paper revisits the macro-level relationship between human genetic variation (genetic distance and diversity) and economic development. If other continents were biogeographically more similar
The Evolution of Animal Domestication
A framework for understanding how unconscious selection characterized the earliest steps of animal domestication and the role of introgression and the importance of relaxed and positive selection in shaping modern domestic phenotypes and genomes is presented.
Documenting Domestication: New Genetic and Archaeological Paradigms
This groundbreaking volume for the first time brings together leading archaeologists and biologists working on the domestication of both plants and animals to consider a wide variety of archaeological and genetic approaches to tracing the origin and dispersal of domesticates.
10 Neolithic migrations: food production and population expansion
This chapter introduces the development of food production amongst Holocene human societies and discusses the likely repercussions in terms of population growth and territorial expansion, as visible
Surprisingly Low Limits of Selection in Plant Domestication
A surprisingly low number of 50–100 loci are the most that could be under selection in a cultivation regime at the selection strengths observed in the archaeological record, robust to attempts to rescue populations from extinction through selection from high standing genetic variation, gene flow, and the Maynard Smith-based model of threshold selection.


The Origins of Agriculture in the Lowland Neotropics
Background of Tropical Agricultural Origins. The Neotropical Ecosystem in the Present and the Past. The Phytogeography of Neotropical Crops and Their Putative wild Ancestors. The Evolution of
Documenting plant domestication: the consilience of biological and archaeological approaches.
  • B. D. Smith
  • Biology
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2001
In this issue of PNAS, two articles provide a welcome new addition in this area of research, while also underscoring how much is still to be learned about the initial domestication of maize, and more generally, about agricultural origins in Mexico.
The Cradle of Agriculture
Botanical, genetic and archeological evidence is discussed suggesting that the cradle of agriculture lay within a small region of the Fertile Crescent and began in the 7th millennium B.C.
The origin of the domestic pig: independent domestication and subsequent introgression.
Clear evidence was obtained for domestication to have occurred independently from wild boar subspecies in Europe and Asia, and the data indicated a hybrid origin of some major "European" pig breeds.
Plant Evolution under Domestication
The course of reducing and maintaining genetic diversity under domestication is illustrated by the examples of selected crop plants and weeds, as well as genetic resources for future crop evolution.
Livestock genetic origins: Goats buck the trend
  • D. MacHugh, D. Bradley
  • Biology, Medicine
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2001
Goats may have been the first “walking larders” and by example, could have triggered subsequent domestications of the full repertoire of Euroasian livestock species that have provided the bulk of the animal protein consumed by ever-expanding human populations.
The Origins and Spread of Agriculture and Pastoralism in Eurasia
Introduction, David Harris. Part 1 Thematic perspectives: growing plants and raising animals - an anthropological perspective on domestication, Tim Ingold ecology, evolutionary theory and
Widespread origins of domestic horse lineages.
Domestication entails control of wild species and is generally regarded as a complex process confined to a restricted area and culture. Previous DNA sequence analyses of several domestic species have
The third chimpanzee : the evolution and future of the human animal
Jared Diamond explores how the extraordinary human animal developed the capacity to rule the world and the means to irrevocably destroy it in a remarkably short time.
Measured domestication rates in wild wheats and barley under primitive cultivation, and their archaeological implications
Possible delays in the start of domestication due to early crops of wild-type cereals lacking domestic-types mutants and the state of ripeness at harvest necessary for the crops to respond to these selective pressures are considered.