Evidence that in chick embryos destruction of hepatic microsomal cytochrome P-450 haem is a general mechanism of induction of delta-aminolaevulinate synthase by porphyria-causing drugs.

Abstract

A variety of prophyrinogenic compounds were tested for their effect in ovo on chick-embryo liver microsomal cytochrome P-450 haem concentration and mitochondrial delta-aminolaevulinate synthase activity. With all drugs tested, there was a 30--50% decrease in cytochrome P-450 haem concentration within 1 h of treatment, and this was closely followed by an increase in delta-aminolaevulinate synthase activity. The relationship was independent of the extent of enzyme induction and is consistent with the proposal that drug-mediated destruction of cytochrome P-450 haem is the primary mechanism of induction of delta-aminolaevulinate synthase. After induction, synthesis of delta-aminolaevulinate synthase could be maintained by inhibiting further haem synthesis. These studies suggest that induction of porphyria is a combination of two distinct processes: (a) induction of delta-aminolaevulinate synthase synthesis by destruction of cytochrome P-450 haem and consequent depletion of cellular free haem; (b) maintenance of continued delta-aminolaevulinate synthase synthesis by preventing replenishment of cellular haem either by inhibiting haem synthesis and/or by promoting continuous removal of newly synthesized haem.

Statistics

010002000'99'01'03'05'07'09'11'13'15'17
Citations per Year

253 Citations

Semantic Scholar estimates that this publication has 253 citations based on the available data.

See our FAQ for additional information.

Cite this paper

@article{Lim1980EvidenceTI, title={Evidence that in chick embryos destruction of hepatic microsomal cytochrome P-450 haem is a general mechanism of induction of delta-aminolaevulinate synthase by porphyria-causing drugs.}, author={Low Kok Lim and Gopesh Srivastava and John D. Brooker and Brian K May and William H. Elliott}, journal={The Biochemical journal}, year={1980}, volume={190 3}, pages={519-26} }