Evidence summary: the relationship between oral health and dementia

  title={Evidence summary: the relationship between oral health and dementia},
  author={Beth Daly and Amanda A B Thompsell and J. Sharpling and Yvonne M Rooney and Laura Hillman and Kristina L Wanyonyi and Sandra White and Jennifer Elizabeth Gallagher},
This is the fourth and final paper of a series of reviews undertaken to explore the relationships between oral health and general medical conditions, in order to support teams within Public Health England, health practitioners and policy makers. This review aimed to explore the most contemporary evidence on whether poor oral health and dementia occurs in the same individuals or populations, to outline the nature of the relationship between these two health outcomes and to discuss the… 

The mouth and oral health in the field of dementia.

It is argued that Bourdieu's conceptual toolkit provides a way of contextualising experiences of oral health within dementia and un-picking the multi-layered impact of structure, institutions, biology, resource mobilisation and self in the context of a progressive disease which ultimately challenges knowledge of the self.

Oral health for a healthy mind: the unexplored links between oral health and dementia

The possible impacts of oral diseases on cognitive function, and potential uses for the screening of dementia are discussed.

Can chronic oral inflammation and masticatory dysfunction contribute to cognitive impairment?

An overview of current literature focused on oral health and cognitive impairment in older adulthood is provided, focusing in particular on whether oral inflammation, tooth loss and masticatory dysfunction might increase the risk of Cognitive impairment in this age group.

Is there any association between cognitive decline with the oral health condition ?

Investigating the cognitive decline and its association with the oral health condition through the number of remaining teeth (NRT) and related oral maintenance and rehabilitation (OMR) and found correlation between NRT and MMSE scores.

Everyday experiences of people living with dementia and their carers relating to oral health and dental care

Three main themes emerged: oral health is not prioritised; access to dental care is shaped by increasing disability; and the importance of continuity of care.

Understanding and tackling oral health inequalities in vulnerable adult populations: from the margins to the mainstream

A theoretical framework is presented that combines a broad public health perspective on oral health inequalities, combined with more specific factors determining the oral health of vulnerable and marginalised groups and actions to improve access to dental services and policies to combat Oral health inequalities among vulnerable adult populations are presented.

Oral health for healthy ageing.

Edentulism and Trajectories of Cognitive Functioning Among Older Adults: The Role of Dental Care Service Utilization

The results indicated that edentulism and dental care service utilization were independently associated with cognitive decline during the observation period and suggested that providing access to dental services may promote cognitive health and potentially reduce health care expenditures.

Oral health 1 Oral diseases: a global public health challenge

The extent and consequences of oral diseases, their social and commercial determinants, and their ongoing neglect in global health policy are described to highlight the urgent need to address oral diseases among other NCDs as a global health priority.


A "silent epidemic" of oral diseases is afflicting older adults and data are urgently required to provide essential information for program planning and evaluation on "racial and ethnic minorities, rural populations, and the frail elderly".



Oral health condition of French elderly and risk of dementia: a longitudinal cohort study.

Having eleven or more missing teeth seemed to be associated with a lower risk of dementia in people with lower education possibly owing to the suppression of source of chronic inflammation.

Oral health in older adults with dementia living in different environments: a propensity analysis.

  • Xi ChenJennifer J J ClarkS. Naorungroj
  • Medicine
    Special care in dentistry : official publication of the American Association of Hospital Dentists, the Academy of Dentistry for the Handicapped, and the American Society for Geriatric Dentistry
  • 2013
Dementia patients living in the community, assisted living facilities and nursing homes (NH) were retrospectively selected from a community-based dental clinic and oral health was poor in study participants, regardless of their residential status.

The oral health of individuals with dementia in nursing homes.

For individuals resident in nursing homes, moderate to severe dementia might have a deleterious effect on oral health.

Tooth Loss Increases the Risk of Diminished Cognitive Function

The results of this study show that the risk for cognitive impairment and dementia increases with loss of teeth, which adds to the evidence showing links between oral and general health and suggests that oral health strategies aimed to preserve teeth may be important in reducing risk of systemic disease.

The common risk factor approach: a rational basis for promoting oral health.

Based upon the general principles of health promotion this paper presents a rationale for an alternative approach for oral health policy that addresses risk factors common to many chronic conditions within the context of the wider socio-environmental milieu.

Assessing caries increments in elderly patients with and without dementia: a one-year follow-up study.

Elderly people referred to a memory clinic were at an elevated risk of developing high levels of coronal and root-surface caries during the first year after referral, and those with a dementia diagnosis other than AD appeared to be at a particularly high risk ofdeveloping multiple carious lesions during thefirst year after diagnosis.

Oral infections and orofacial pain in Alzheimer's disease: a case-control study.

Orofacial pain screening and dental and oral exams should be routinely performed in AD patients in order to identify pathological conditions that need treatment thus improving quality of life compromised due to dementia.

The clinical evaluation of the oral status in Alzheimer-type dementia patients.

BACKGROUND To evaluate the oral health status in patients with Alzheimer dementia (AD), and the association of the disease severity with the oral findings. METHODS The study was conducted on the

Association Between Oral Health and Cognitive Status: A Systematic Review

This research highlights the need to understand more fully the determinants of cognitive status and oral health in the context of long-term studies of oral health and cognitive status.