Evidence of horizontal transmission of feline leukemia virus by the cat flea (Ctenocephalides felis)

@article{Vobis2004EvidenceOH,
  title={Evidence of horizontal transmission of feline leukemia virus by the cat flea (Ctenocephalides felis)},
  author={Michael Vobis and Jochen D’Haese and Heinz Mehlhorn and Norbert Mencke},
  journal={Parasitology Research},
  year={2004},
  volume={91},
  pages={467-470}
}
The feline leukemia virus (FeLV) is a naturally occurring and widespread retrovirus among domestic cats. The virus is mainly transmitted horizontally through saliva, blood and other body fluids by close contact between cats. Vectors other than cats, e.g. blood-sucking parasites, have not been reported. This study tested the vector potential of the cat flea (Ctenocephalides felis) for FeLV. In a first feeding, fleas were fed for 24 h with blood from a FeLV-infected cat with persistent viremia… 
Experimental quantification of the feline leukaemia virus in the cat flea (Ctenocephalides felis) and its faeces
TLDR
Cat fleas were fed via artificial membranes and infected with the feline leukaemia virus (FeLV) from cell cultures and the quantity of virus in the flea and its faeces was measured over a defined period of time.
The epidemiology features of retroviral infections in domestic cats from the Zagreb urban area
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A significantly higher percentage of seropositives for male cats, as well as for sexually intact ones within the sick owned group, are confirmed for FIV infection and the high rate of retroviral infections in cats from the Zagreb urban area is confirmed.
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Prevalence to feline immunodeficiency virus antibodies, feline leukemia virus antigen, and Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in feral cats on Mauna Kea Hawaii from April 2002 to May 2004 is determined.
MOLECULAR STUDY OF THE PREVALENCE OF FELINE LEUKEMIA VIRUS (FELV) IN IRANIAN DOMESTIC CATS FROM BLOOD SAMPLES BY REVERSE TRANSCRIPTION POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION (RT-PCR) IN IRAN
TLDR
The results showed that FeLV is a specific infection and the different common feline infectious pathogens and FeLV seem to be endemic in Iranian cats.
Fleas as Vectors of Emerging Zoonoses
TLDR
This review presents information on the emergence of flea-borne zoonoses, including flea biology, life cycle and transmission modes, and prevention and control of fleA-borne pathogens is outlined, includingflea control failure in the environment.
Toxoplasma gondii, Dirofilaria immitis, feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV), and feline leukemia virus (FeLV) infections in stray and pet cats (Felis catus) in northwest China: co-infections and risk factors
TLDR
Results of the multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that older cats are more likely to be seropositive than juveniles for T. gondii, FIV, FeLV, and D. immitis seroprevalence in cats in China.
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