Evidence of Osedax worm borings in Pliocene (∼3 Ma) whale bone from the Mediterranean

@article{Higgs2011EvidenceOO,
  title={Evidence of Osedax worm borings in Pliocene (∼3 Ma) whale bone from the Mediterranean},
  author={Nicholas D. Higgs and Crispin T. S. Little and Adrian G. Glover and Thomas G. Dahlgren and Craig R. Smith and Stefano Dominici},
  journal={Historical Biology},
  year={2011},
  volume={24},
  pages={269 - 277}
}
Osedax worms subsist entirely on vertebrate skeletons on the seafloor, using root-like tissues to bore into and degrade the bones. Paleontologists have only recently begun to appreciate the possible destructive effect that these worms may have had on the marine vertebrate fossil record and little is known of their evolutionary history. Using microcomputed tomography, we document Osedax-like borings in a fossil whale bone from the Pliocene of Italy and present new data on the borings of extant… 

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