Evidence of Hominin Use and Maintenance of Fire at Zhoukoudian

@article{Gao2017EvidenceOH,
  title={Evidence of Hominin Use and Maintenance of Fire at Zhoukoudian},
  author={Xing Gao and Shuangquan Zhang and Yue Zhang and Fuyou Chen},
  journal={Current Anthropology},
  year={2017},
  volume={58},
  pages={S267 - S277}
}
Evidence for “controlled use of fire” by Homo erectus pekinensis at Zhoukoudian Locality 1 was initially discovered in the early 1930s and was widely accepted as the earliest such record in human evolutionary history for more than half a century. However, since the mid-1980s, this evidence has been questioned. Some of the questions were based on new research results, including geochemical and taphonomic studies conducted in the 1990s. Others are hypothetical and to some extent stem from a… Expand
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References

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On the possible use of fire by Homo erectus at Zhoukoudian, China
For decades, the so-called Peking Man (Homo erectus pekinensis) at Zhoukoudian has been considered to be a hominin that engaged in the controlled production and management of fire. However,Expand
Fire and the Genus Homo
Employing fire as an adaptive aid represents one of the most important technological developments in the course of hominin evolution, and, not surprisingly, research into the prehistoric use of fireExpand
Age of Zhoukoudian Homo erectus determined with 26Al/10Be burial dating
TLDR
This study reports cosmogenic 26Al/10Be burial dating of quartz sediments and artefacts from the lower strata of Locality 1 in the southwestern suburb of Beijing, China, marking the first radioisotopic dating of any early hominin site in China beyond the range of mass spectrometric U-series dating. Expand
Mapping and taphonomic analysis of the Homo erectus loci at Locality 1 Zhoukoudian, China.
TLDR
Contextual relationships of fossil skeletal elements, relationships of carnivore damage and stone tool cutmarks on bone, and evidence of the burning of fresh bone associated with Homo erectus and stone tools support a model of transient hominid scavenging aided by the use of fire at the large hyenid den that became Zhoukoudian Locality 1. Expand
Site formation processes at Zhoukoudian, China.
TLDR
Details of site formation processes are provided mainly through field observations of the extant section at Locality 1, and the use of soil micromorphology and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometry (FTIR) analyses of the sediments. Expand
Taphonomy at a Distance: Zhoukoudian, "The Cave Home of Beijing Man"? [and Comments and Reply]
Zhoukoudian is often cited as yielding some of the earliest evidence for the use of fire and as documenting "man the hunter" living in caves during the Middle Pleistocene. In addition, it is commonlyExpand
Tertiary Man in Asia: the Chou Kou Tien Discovery
A RICH fossiliferous deposit at Chou Kou Tien, 70 li [about 40 kilometres] to the south-west of Peking, was first discovered in the summer of 1921 by Dr. J. G. Andersson and later surveyed andExpand
Microstratigraphic evidence of in situ fire in the Acheulean strata of Wonderwerk Cave, Northern Cape province, South Africa
TLDR
Micromorphological and Fourier transform infrared microspectroscopy analyses of intact sediments at the site of Wonderwerk Cave provide unambiguous evidence—in the form of burned bone and ashed plant remains—that burning took place in the cave during the early Acheulean occupation, approximately 1.0 Ma. Expand
The use of fire at Zhoukoudian: evidence from magnetic susceptibility and color measurements
In order to provide direct evidence for the use of fire by humans at Locality 1, Zhoukoudian, we examine the burnt and unburnt sediments of newly excavated area in Layer 4 by detailed measurements ofExpand
High-precision U-series dating of Locality 1 at Zhoukoudian, China.
TLDR
The results show that the age of the No. 5 Skull from Layer 3 is >400 ka, possibly in the range of about 400-500 ka, and that the hominid fossils from the lower strata are at least 600 ka and possibly >800 ka, much older than previously thought. Expand
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