Evidence for transmission of Halicephalobus deletrix (H gingivalis) from dam to foal.

@article{Wilkins2001EvidenceFT,
  title={Evidence for transmission of Halicephalobus deletrix (H gingivalis) from dam to foal.},
  author={Pamela A. Wilkins and Sholom Wacholder and Thomas J. Nolan and David C. Bolin and Patrick R. Hunt and William V. Bernard and Helen M. Acland and F{\'a}bio Del Piero},
  journal={Journal of veterinary internal medicine},
  year={2001},
  volume={15 4},
  pages={
          412-7
        }
}
Development and Pathology of the Equine Mammary Gland
  • K. Hughes
  • Biology, Medicine
    Journal of Mammary Gland Biology and Neoplasia
  • 2020
TLDR
This review examines the prenatal development of the equine mammary gland and the striking degree to which the tissue undergoes postnatal development associated with the reproductive cycle.
First case of fatal equine meningoencephalitis caused by Halicephalobus gingivalis in Mexico.
TLDR
To the authors' knowledge, this is the first confirmed report of Halicephalobiasis in Mexico.
First description of a fatal equine infection with Halicephalobus gingivalis in Portugal. Relevance for public health
TLDR
The clinical history, necropsy and histological findings presented constitute a typical case of H. gingivalis infection in a horse, never previously described in Portugal to the authors’ best knowledge.
Parasitic and zoonotic meningoencephalitis in humans and equids: Current knowledge and the role of Halicephalobus gingivalis
TLDR
The parasitic helminthic infection is recommended in the differential list of meningoencephalitis involving humans and animals worldwide despite its rareness.
Fatal Halicephalobus gingivalis infection in horses from Central America.
TLDR
Findings are similar with cases already reported expanding the knowledge about the geographical distribution of H. gingivalis in horses, where there were several foci with similar parasites, surrounded by lymphocytes and gitter cells in the brain.
Isolation and molecular characterisation of Halicephalobus gingivalis in the brain of a horse in Piedmont, Italy
TLDR
WN surveillance can help to deepen the knowledge of horse neurological disorders investigating their causes and incidence, and help to understand the geographic distribution of the H. gingivalis, to unravel epidemiological information, and to estimate risk for humans.
An outbreak of bovine meningoencephalomyelitis with identification of Halicephalobus gingivalis.
TLDR
This is the first scientific publication of H. gingivalis induced meningoencephalomyelitis in ruminants, isolated from the Danish calf and published isolates, collected worldwide from free-living and parasitic stages of the nematode.
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References

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Halicephalobus Gingivalis (H. Deletrix) Infection in Two Horses in Southern California
  • H. Kinde, M. Mathews, L. Ash, J. St. Leger
  • Medicine
    Journal of veterinary diagnostic investigation : official publication of the American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, Inc
  • 2000
TLDR
Two horses, a 16-year-old male Holsteiner and a 5-year old male miniature horse, were diagnosed with halicephalobiasis at the California Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory System, San Bernardino Branch, in April and June of 1998 and revealed bilateral enlargement of the kidneys in both horses, petechial hemorrhages of the optic nerve (Holsteiner), and a diffusely firm and enlarged left testicle (miniature horse).
Halicephalobus gingivalis encephalomyelitis in a horse.
TLDR
Postmortem examination revealed mandibular granulomatous reactions and meningoencephalitis due to the nematode Halicephalobus gingivalis.
Halicephalobus gingivalis (Stefanski, 1954) from a fatal infection in a horse in Ontario, Canada with comments on the validity of H. deletrix and a review of the genus.
TLDR
It is believed the species reported in horses and humans is H. gingivalis and that H. deletrix is its synonym.
Ocular Halicephalobus (syn. Micronema) deletrix in a Horse
TLDR
Ocular contents from a horse with a 4-week history of severe unilateral uveitis were submitted for histopathologic examination and suggested possible systemic dissemination from a primary site in the eye.
Disseminated Halicephalobus deletrix infection in a horse.
TLDR
A 13-year-old Quarter Horse gelding was referred for evaluation of a draining tract and fracture of the right hemimandible of 4 weeks' duration and became atactic 8 days after surgery and was euthanatized.
Nodular Granulomatous Posthitis Caused by Halicephalobus (syn. Micronema) sp. in a Horse
TLDR
The bra in was the most co m monly in volved tissue, follow ed in descend ing order by the kidneys, ora l and nasal ca vit ies, lym ph nod es, lungs, spina l co rd, and adrena l gland, with single reports o f heart , liver, sto mac h, ganglion, and bon e involvcm cnt.
Verminous mastitis in a mare caused by a free-living nematode.
TLDR
This is the first case of Cephalobus infecting horses and it indicates that not all histiotropic infections of horses by rhabditoid nematodes are by Halicephalobus deletrix ( = Micronema deletrix).
Halicephalobus (Micronema) deletrix infection in two half-sibling foals.
Halicephalobus deletrix infection in a horse.
Micronema granuloma in the gingiva of a horse.
TLDR
A well-circumscribed proliferative mass was protruding from the body of the mandible of a 4-year-old Appaloosa gelding and numerous rhabditiform nematodes were in the microgranulomas as well as in the surrounding connective tissue.
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