Evidence for the consumption of arboreal, diurnal primates by bonobos (Pan paniscus)

@article{Surbeck2009EvidenceFT,
  title={Evidence for the consumption of arboreal, diurnal primates by bonobos (Pan paniscus)},
  author={Martin Surbeck and Andrew Fowler and Caroline Deimel and Gottfried Hohmann},
  journal={American Journal of Primatology},
  year={2009},
  volume={71}
}
We present evidence for the consumption of a diurnal, arboreal, group living primate by bonobos. The digit of an immature black mangabey (Lophocebus aterrimus) was found in the fresh feces of a bonobo (Pan paniscus) at the Lui Kotale study site, Democratic Republic of Congo. In close proximity to the fecal sample containing the remains of the digit, we also found a large part of the pelt of a black mangabey. Evidence suggests that the Lui Kotale bonobos consume more meat than other bonobo… Expand
Mammals consumed by bonobos (Pan paniscus): new data from the Iyondji forest, Tshuapa, Democratic Republic of the Congo
TLDR
Evidence of mammals consumed by bonobos in the Iyondji site is described, which was established in 2010, and it is suggested that additional research at various sites could reveal the nature of the variations in the behavior of bonobos. Expand
The ecological role of the Bonobo : seed dispersal service in Congo forests
TLDR
This new project concludes that there is little functional redundancy between frugivorous mammals of the Congo, which face severe human hunting pressures and local exctinction, and the defaunation of the forests, leading to the empty forest syndrome, is critical in conservation biology. Expand
Identifying Species in Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) Feces: A Methodological Lost Cause?
TLDR
This study provides empirical support for previous assumptions and confirms the limitations of macroscopic inspection of feces for identifying the nonfrugivorous dietary elements to species level, but valuable insights into seasonality of diet can be gleaned from macroscopy inspection. Expand
Latest news from the bonobos: Pan paniscus myths and realities
Bonobos are our closest living relatives along with chimpanzees. They attract much attention from anthropologists who want to better understand our primate origins and more recently from the publicExpand
Vertebrate DNA in Fecal Samples from Bonobos and Gorillas: Evidence for Meat Consumption or Artefact?
TLDR
The results suggest that studies investigating a species' diet from feces DNA may be unreliable due to the low copy number of DNA originating from diet items, and the DNA sequences isolated from the two ape species fit best to the species living in the respective regions. Expand
Revue de primatologie, 4 | 2012
Bonobos are our closest living relatives along with chimpanzees. They attract much attention from anthropologists who want to better understand our primate origins and more recently from the publicExpand
Reproductive state and rank influence patterns of meat consumption in wild female chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii).
TLDR
Assessment of patterns of female chimpanzee faunivory during pregnancy and early lactation in Gombe National Park, Tanzania concludes that, unlike insectivory, meat consumption by female chimpanzees is mediated by both reproductive state and social rank. Expand
Importance of subterranean fungi in the diet of bonobos in Kokolopori
TLDR
Results suggest that subterranean fungi appear to be attractive food source to Kokolopori bonobos, and that mycophagy may serve to supplement nutrients, like sodium, in bonobo diet. Expand
Eco-ethology of a population of bonobos (Pan paniscus) living in the western forest-savannah mosaics of the Democratic Republic of Congo
African forest elephants– taxonomically and functionally unique–are being poached at accelerating rates, but we lack rangewide information on the repercussions. Analysis of the largest survey datasetExpand
Comparative isotope ecology of African great apes.
TLDR
Dietary flexibility in apes varied, but temporal variation was overall lower than in fossil hominins and extant baboons, shifting from C3 to C4-resources, providing new perspectives on comparisons between extinct and extant primates. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 22 REFERENCES
Observations on the meat-eating behavior of wild bonobos (Pan paniscus) at Wamba, Republic of Zaire
TLDR
The exclusive targets of hunting by bonobos are apparently small mammals, such as flying squirrels and infant duikers, since evidence of meat eating by wild bonobos, which have been studied for more than fifteen years, has been restricted to these mammals. Expand
New Records on Prey Capture and Meat Eating by Bonobos at Lui Kotale, Salonga National Park, Democratic Republic of Congo
TLDR
New and unpublished information from wild bonobos at Lui Kotale, Salonga National Park, Democratic Republic of Congo is presented and it is confirmed that solitary and terrestrial ungulates are the major prey, however, bonobo also consumed other mammalian prey, including other primates. Expand
Social Organization of Pan paniscus in the Lomako Forest, Zaire
TLDR
Of the four great apes—the pygmy chimpanzee (Pan paniscus), common chimpanzee, gorilla (Gorilla gorilla), and orangutan)—the latter three are known to exhibit marked differences in the way their respective societies are organized and structured. Expand
The Social Behavior of Chimpanzees and Bonobos: Empirical Evidence and Shifting Assumptions1
As our closest living relatives, chimpanzees and bonobos have been widely used as models of the behavior of early hominids. In recent years, as information on the social behavior and ecology ofExpand
Behavior of bonobos (Pan paniscus) following their capture of monkeys in Zaire
TLDR
Bonobos sought cooperation in their interactions with the captured young primates without scccess, and there is no evidence that they ate the captives. Expand
Distribution and Abundance of Diurnal Mammals, Especially Monkeys, at Kasoje Mahale Mountains, Tanzania
TLDR
Estimation of the distribution and abundance of medium- and large-sized diurnal mammals in the Kasoje area of the Mahale Mountains National Park, western Tanzania between 1995 and 1996 found that yellow baboons and warthogs have apparently expanded their ranges while vervet monkeys seem to have contracted theirs. Expand
Savanna Chimpanzees, Pan troglodytes verus, Hunt with Tools
TLDR
The first account of habitual tool use during vertebrate hunting by nonhumans is reported, at the Fongoli site in Senegal, and it is reported that females and immature chimpanzees exhibited this behavior more frequently than adult males. Expand
Feeding Ecology of Pan paniscus in the Lomako Forest, Zaire
Studies pertaining to the feeding ecology of free-ranging common chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) are numerous, and have been carried out in a wide range of habitats (Reynolds and Reynolds, 1965;Expand
Gut Morphology and the Avoidance of Carrion among Chimpanzees, Baboons, and Early Hominids
TLDR
It is proposed that among meat-eating primates, carrion avoidance is a dietary strategy that develops during their lifetime as a response to the association of gastrointestinal illness with the ingestion of contaminated meat from scavenged carcasses. Expand
The chimpanzees of the Budongo Forest : ecology, behaviour, and conservation
Dedication Acknowledgments Contents Introduction by Jane Goodall 1. The Budongo Forest 2. The Sonso community 3. Morbidity and mortality 4. Diet and culture at Sonso 5. Social organization 6. SocialExpand
...
1
2
3
...