Evidence for localization and urbanization economies in urban scaling

  title={Evidence for localization and urbanization economies in urban scaling},
  author={Somwrita Sarkar and Elsa Arcaute and Erez Hatna and Tooran Alizadeh and Glen Searle and Michael Batty},
  journal={Royal Society Open Science},
We study the scaling of (i) numbers of workers and aggregate incomes by occupational categories against city size, and (ii) total incomes against numbers of workers in different occupations, across the functional metropolitan areas of Australia and the USA. The number of workers and aggregate incomes in specific high-income knowledge economy-related occupations and industries show increasing returns to scale by city size, showing that localization economies within particular industries account… 

Tables from this paper

Estimating the drivers of urban economic complexity and their connection to economic performance

A model is derived that indicates how the value of these three quantities can be inferred from the probability that an individual in a city is employed in a given urban activity, which can provide testable implications for why some cities are more prosperous than others.

Modelling the Relationship of Infrastructure and Externalities Using Urban Scaling

A surprising aspect of the agglomeration economy is the lack of attention to the impact on the physical environment. Even in the field of spatial planning, road infrastructure has been built in

On the relation between transversal and longitudinal scaling in cities

It is found that longitudinal scaling exponents are city-specific, however, they are distributed around an average value that approaches the transversal scaling exponent provided that the data is decomposed to eliminate external factors, and only for cities with a sufficiently high growth rate.

Rethinking the Contribution of Land Element to Urban Economic Growth: Evidence from 30 Provinces in China

In China, disputes regarding the benefits and drawbacks of land finance have been heated, but the role of land in urban economic growth has received insufficient attention, particularly on a macro

What causes the excessive metro tunnel settlement in soft deposits: learned from a detailed case with factor decomposition

Widespread tunnel settlement has been observed in the Yangtze River Delta region of China, but its formation mechanism remains unknown. In this study, a settlement trough and its development

Urban Public Health: A Research Toolkit for Practice and Impact



Urban Scaling and the Production Function for Cities

It is empirically demonstrated that there is a systematic dependence of urban productivity on city population size, resulting from the mismatch between the size dependence of wages and labor, so that in contemporary US cities productivity increases by about 11% with each doubling of their population.

Scaling and Hierarchy in Urban Economies

In several recent publications, Bettencourt, West and collaborators claim that properties of cities such as gross economic production, personal income, numbers of patents filed, number of crimes

The scaling of income distribution in Australia: Possible relationships between urban allometry, city size, and economic inequality

Developing a scientific understanding of cities in a fast urbanizing world is essential for planning sustainable urban systems. Recently, it was shown that income and wealth creation follow

Urban scaling and the geographic concentration of inequalities by city size

Urban scaling laws summarise how socio-economic behaviours of urban systems may be predicted from city size. While most scaling analysis rests on using aggregate quantities (total incomes, GDP,

Productive Efficiency and Region

Based on estimates of Cobb-Douglas production function, this study has found that significant spatial variation in labor productivity exists even after adjusting for capital intensity. The adjustment

The Determinants of Agglomeration

Abstract This paper examines the microfoundations of agglomeration economies for U.S. manufacturing industries. Using industries as observations, we regress the Ellison–Glaeser (G. Ellison and E.

Agglomeration Economies: Localization or Urbanization?

I estimate localization and urbanization economies with a methodology and data different from those of Henderson and Nakamura. After demonstrating the problems associated with using a single

Productivity and City Size? A Critique of the Evidence [Are There Returns to Scale in City Size?]. [Bias in the Cross Section Estimates of the Elasticity of Substitution].

A critique of two leading articles in the productivity and city-size literature results in revised estimates of the productivity advantages of large cities. In particular, extant estimates of the

The Origins of Scaling in Cities

All cities may evolve according to a small set of basic principles that operate locally, which are shown to be independent of city size and might be a useful means to evaluate urban planning strategies.

The Productivity of Cities

I. The increase in productivity with city size, 393. — II. The labor productivity of cities, 396. — III. The contributions of Hicks-neutral productivity and capital intensity, 401. — IV. The