Evidence for increased hominid diversity in the Early to Middle Pleistocene of Indonesia

  title={Evidence for increased hominid diversity in the Early to Middle Pleistocene of Indonesia},
  author={Cl{\'e}ment Zanolli and Ottmar Kullmer and Jay Kelley and A M Bacon and Fabrice Demeter and Jean Dumoncel and Luca Fiorenza and Frederick E. Grine and Jean‐Jacques Hublin and Anh Tuan Nguyen and Thi Mai Huong Nguyen and Lei Pan and Burkhard Schillinger and Friedemann Schrenk and Matthew M. Skinner and Xueping Ji and Roberto Macchiarelli},
  journal={Nature Ecology \& Evolution},
Since the first discovery of Pithecanthropus (Homo) erectus by E. Dubois at Trinil in 1891, over 200 hominid dentognathic remains have been collected from the Early to Middle Pleistocene deposits of Java, Indonesia, forming the largest palaeoanthropological collection in South East Asia. Most of these fossils are currently attributed to H. erectus. However, because of the substantial morphological and metric variation in the Indonesian assemblage, some robust specimens, such as the partial… 
Early Pleistocene hominin teeth from Gongwangling of Lantian, Central China.
Dryopithecine palaeobiodiversity in the Iberian Miocene revisited on the basis of molar endostructural morphology
Extensive fieldwork at Abocador de Can Mata (north‐east Iberian Peninsula) has uncovered a previously unsuspected diversity of catarrhine primates in the middle Miocene (12.5–11.6 Ma) of Europe.
Dietary strategies of Pleistocene Pongo sp. and Homo erectus on Java (Indonesia)
During the early Pleistocene, Java was inhabited by a high variety of hominid and hominin taxa with hitherto unclear seasonal dietary demands. We undertook the first geochemical analyses of Pongo
A Middle Pleistocene Denisovan molar from the Annamite Chain of northern Laos
The Pleistocene presence of the genus Homo in continental Southeast Asia is primarily evidenced by a sparse stone tool record and rare human remains. Here we report a Middle Pleistocene hominin
Endostructural assessment of a hominin maxillary molar (StW 669) from Milner Hall, Sterkfontein, South Africa
The site of the Sterkfontein Caves, South Africa, is one of the richest early hominin fossil-bearing sites in Africa. Recent excavations in the Milner Hall locality have contributed to the
The first evidence for Late Pleistocene dogs in Italy
The combined molecular and morphological analyses of fossil canid remains from the sites of Grotta Paglicci and Grotta Romanelli attest of the presence of dogs at least 14,000 calibrated years before present, which unambiguously documents one of the earliest occurrence of domesticates in the Upper Palaeolithic of Europe and in the Mediterranean.


Gigantopithecus blacki: a giant ape from the Pleistocene of Asia revisited.
Gigantopithecus blacki exhibits a relatively high degree of sexual dimorphism, implying a high level of male-male competition, but the relatively small canines in both sexes suggest that these teeth were not important in agonistic behaviors.
Disentangling isolated dental remains of Asian Pleistocene hominins and pongines
It is found that Homo and Pongo molars overlap substantially in relative enamel thickness; molar enamel-dentine junction shape is more distinctive, with Pongo showing relatively shorter dentine horns and wider crowns than Homo.
Taxonomic affinities and evolutionary history of the Early Pleistocene hominids of Java: dentognathic evidence.
The primitive aspects of the oldest Javanese hominids remains suggest that hominid groups prior to the grade of ca.
Divorcing Hominins from the Stegodon-Ailuropoda Fauna: New Views on the Antiquity of Hominins in Asia
The distinctive Stegodon-Ailuropoda fauna of southern China and peninsular Southeast Asia is known to include a number of ape species no longer present today. Among these apes, it is becoming
Juvenile hominoid cranium from the late Miocene of southern China and hominoid diversity in Asia
  • J. Kelley, F. Gao
  • Environmental Science, Geography
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 2012
Major differences in the associated mammal faunas from the southern China sites and those from South and Southeast Asia are consistent with these findings and suggest more than one dispersal route of apes into East Asia earlier in the Miocene.
The early Pleistocene deciduous hominid molar FS-72 from the Sangiran Dome of Java, Indonesia: A taxonomic reappraisal based on its comparative endostructural characterization.
The results show that FS-72 has thinner enamel compared to fossil and recent humans and that its topographic repartition more closely follows the pongine pattern, suggesting that it more likely represents a dm2 of Pongo rather than Homo.
Gigantopithecus lPongidaec Hominoidear a new species from North India
The new find further demonstrates that Gigantopithecus, although well off the line of direct human ancestry, has definite resemblances in the biomechanics of its jaws and teeth to unquestioned Hominidae.
Based on morphology and morphometric characters on the mandible and teeth, it is concluded that Semedo specimen tends to be close to Gigantopithecus blacki, which known only found at high latitudes environment.