Evidence for fetal programming of obesity with a focus on putative mechanisms.

  title={Evidence for fetal programming of obesity with a focus on putative mechanisms.},
  author={Sarah H Wild and Christopher D Byrne},
  journal={Nutrition research reviews},
  volume={17 2},
Obesity is associated with insulin resistance, the metabolic syndrome (a clustering of three or more of increased waist circumference, blood pressure, fasting glucose and fasting plasma triacylglycerol levels and reduced HDL levels), and a marked increase in the risk of type 2 diabetes and CHD. The impact of obesity differs between individuals, particularly between men and women and between ethnic groups. For example, in South Asians, although overall obesity is less prevalent, central obesity… CONTINUE READING
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