Evidence for cultivation of sesame in the ancient world

  title={Evidence for cultivation of sesame in the ancient world},
  author={D. Bedigian and J. Harlan},
  journal={Economic Botany},
There is botanical and textual evidence for sesame cultivation in the ancient Old World. Excavations at the Indus civilization site of Harappa have yielded charred sesame from a stratum attributed to 3050–3500 B.C. The Vedic scriptures (ca. 1000B.C.) contain frequent references to sesame. The existence and identity ofSesamum indicum as a Mesopotamian oil source have been controversial since 1966 when H. Helbaek reported that not a single seed of sesame had been found in the Near East from… Expand
History and lore of sesame in Southwest Asia
The crop’s domestication and subsequent dispersal are reviewed from the archaeological literature and early texts. The introduction of sesame represents an agricultural innovation in Southwest Asia,Expand
Weed Control and the Use of Herbicides in Sesame Production
Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is one of the oldest crops known to humans. There are archeological remnants of sesame dating to 5,500 BC in the Harappa Valley in the Indian subcontinent (Bedigian &Expand
Sesamum indicum L. (sesame) in 2nd century bc Pompeii, southwest Italy, and a review of early sesame finds in Asia and Europe
Six mineralised seeds of Sesamum indicum L. (sesame) have been found in a cesspit dating from the Samnite occupation (Republican period, 2nd century bc) of Pompeii in southwest Italy. This oil plantExpand
A review enlightening genetic divergence in Sesamum indicum based on morphological and molecular studies.
Sesamum indicum L. is an annual plant of pedaliaceae family considered to be the oldest of the oilseed plants and has been under cultivation in Asia for over 5000 years. Sesame is cultivated on 7Expand
A Faunistic Description of Endemic Arthropods Associated with Sesame
A preliminary survey of arthropods associated with sesame in Ghana found 60 insect species and 11 spiders were collected and identified at least to family level, and it appears that, Araneae, Coleopterans, Hemipterans, Hymenopteran, Lepidopterans and Orthopterans may be important. Expand
Biological Characterization of Sesamum Phyllody Disease in Assam, India
Out of these major constrains of production, Sesamum Phyllody is a very serious disease characterized by different symptoms like virescence, phyllody, yellowing, floral sterility and stem proliferation of infected plants. Expand
Enlightening Food Application and Mega Health Benefits of Sesamum indicum L
Sesame oil is known since vedic times and is the most honored oil in Ayurveda and is gaining priority as oil seed and also in use as condiment and therapeutics. Expand
Breeding for Earliness and Seed Yield in Summer Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) Over Environments
Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.), commonly known as gingelly, til, simsim, til or tal is a member of the order Tubiflorae and family Pedaliaceae and is one of the most ancient crops in the world known to mankind. Expand
Krishna Tila ( Sesamum indicum Linn . ) : A Rasayana
Health and related issues have been given high values with respect to protection of one self from diseases. Health has a vital contribution to economic progress of self as well as nation. HealthyExpand
Sesame ( Sesamum indicum L.) Research and Production Status in Ethiopia: A Comprehensive Review
Sesame (Sesamum indicum L., 2n=26) grouped under the family Pedaliaceae; is probably the most ancient oil seed known and used by man. It is called ‘Queen of oil seeds’ due to its high qualityExpand


Ancient Egyptian Materials and Industries
IN this volume the author has published with a change of title a second edition of his “Ancient Egyptian Materials” (1926). Those who are acquainted with the book in its earlier form will scarcelyExpand
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The chemical and biological properties of sesame seed and oil have been summarized by Joshi (26) and the following account on these aspects is taken mainly from Joshi and Budowski and Markley (11). Expand
Dravidian Studies II
Bishop caldwell, the founder of the comparative study of the Dravidian languages, was interested not only in the relationship of those languages among themselves, but also in the question of theirExpand
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The learned author was a pundit by profession, but at the same time an extraordinary scholar and critic in every sense of the word. Mitra traces the history of spirit-drinking in India, and arguesExpand
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There is a remarkably high level of variation within cultivated sesame and sorghum in the Nuba Mountains of Sudan although the region is relatively small. The Nuba people are geographically isolatedExpand
The Indus Civilization
THIS little book is the first of a series of handbooks of sectional archaeology, authoritative but not technically advanced, intended for both the general reader and the student. Dr. Mackay hasExpand
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The few indications that have come down to us of ancient sea-traffic between the countries lying around the shores of the Red Sea, the Persian Gulf and the Indian Ocean are so fragmentary and obscureExpand
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Enquiry into Plants and De Causis Plantarum by Theophrastus (c. 370 c. 285 BCE) are a counterpart to Aristotle s zoological work and the most important botanical work of antiquity now extant. In theExpand
Sesamin, sesamolin and the origin of sesame☆
Phytochemical evidence as well as other data support the suggestion that the progenitor of sesame occurs in India. Expand
Excavations at Ramad, near Damascus, have yielded seeds identified as those of Linum usitatissimum, indicating that the cultivation of flax was practiced in that region in the second half of theExpand