Evidence for cooler European summers during periods of changing meltwater flux to the North Atlantic.

@article{Heiri2004EvidenceFC,
  title={Evidence for cooler European summers during periods of changing meltwater flux to the North Atlantic.},
  author={Oliver Heiri and Willy Tinner and Andr{\'e} F. Lotter},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
  year={2004},
  volume={101 43},
  pages={15285-8}
}
We analyzed fossil chironomids (nonbiting midges) and pollen in two lake-sediment records to reconstruct and quantify Holocene summer-temperature fluctuations in the European Alps. Chironomid and pollen records indicate five centennial-scale cooling episodes during the early- and mid-Holocene. The strongest temperature declines of approximately 1 degrees C are inferred at approximately 10,700-10,500 and 8,200-7,600 calibrated 14C years B.P., whereas other temperature fluctuations are of smaller… CONTINUE READING
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