Evidence for a Collective Intelligence Factor in the Performance of Human Groups

  title={Evidence for a Collective Intelligence Factor in the Performance of Human Groups},
  author={Anita Williams Woolley and Christopher F. Chabris and Alex 'Sandy' Pentland and Nada Hashmi and Thomas W. Malone},
  pages={686 - 688}
Meeting of Minds The performance of humans across a range of different kinds of cognitive tasks has been encapsulated as a common statistical factor called g or general intelligence factor. What intelligence actually is, is unclear and hotly debated, yet there is a reproducible association of g with performance outcomes, such as income and academic achievement. Woolley et al. (p. 686, published online 30 September) report a psychometric methodology for quantifying a factor termed “collective… 

A Simple Computational Theory of General Collective Intelligence

  • P. Krafft
  • Psychology, Computer Science
    Top. Cogn. Sci.
  • 2019
It is formally argued that general collective intelligence arises from groups achieving commitment to group goals, accurate shared beliefs, and coordinated actions, and the existence of generic mechanisms that help groups achieve these cognitive alignment conditions are argued.

g versus c: comparing individual and collective intelligence across two meta-analyses

Though some of the findings are consistent with claims that a general factor of group performance may exist and relate positively to group performance, limitations suggest alternative explanations cannot be dismissed.

Quantifying collective intelligence in human groups

It is shown that CI is predicted by the proportion of women in the group, mediated by average social perceptiveness of group members, and that it predicts performance on various out-of-sample criterion tasks, and it is found that, overall, group collaboration process is more important in predicting CI than the skill of individual members.

The Structure of Group Task Performance—A Second Look at “Collective Intelligence”: Comment on Woolley et al. (2010)

This article reexamine the data from 6 previously published samples that have been used to examine the existence of the collective intelligence construct and shows that the empirical support for the construct is generally weak.

Clarifying the Structure of Collective Intelligence in Teams : A Meta-Analysis

General intelligence is a statistical measure that emerges from the correlations among how well individuals do a wide variety of tasks (Spearman 1904). By analogy, collective intelligence is defined

The Insensitive Ruins It All: Compositional and Compilational Influences of Social Sensitivity on Collective Intelligence in Groups

The empirical results indicate that collectively intelligent groups are those in which the least socially sensitive group member has a rather high score on social sensitivity, and (socially sensitive) group members cannot compensate for the lack of social sensitivity of the other group members.

Adolescents show collective intelligence which can be driven by a geometric mean rule of thumb

Adults at least as young as 11 years old improve their estimation accuracy after a period of group discussion, demonstrating collective intelligence, and this study suggests that this mental number scaling may be beneficial in collective decisions.



Looking down on human intelligence

Ian J. Deary's new book is about the biology of individual differences in intelligence. He views psychometrics - the measurement and statistical study of psychological traits, such as intelligence -

Integrating the mind : domain general versus domain specific processes in higher cognition

Roberts, Introduction. Extreme Domain Specificity and Higher Cognition. Roberts, Contextual facilitation methodology as a means of investigating domain specific cognition. Noveck, Mercier, & Van der

Small Group Research

Man’s interest in group phenomena probably goes back as far as recorded history. Certainly, one can trace the roots of issues concerning groups back to the ancient Greek philosophers, to thinkers of

Do Smarter Teams Do Better

This study reports the results of several meta-analyses examining the relationship between four operational definitions of cognitive ability within teams (highest member score, lowest member score,

The "Reading the Mind in the Eyes" Test revised version: a study with normal adults, and adults with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism.

The Revised Eyes Test has improved power to detect subtle individual differences in social sensitivity and was inversely correlated with the Autism Spectrum Quotient (the AQ), a measure of autistic traits in adults of normal intelligence.

Validation of the five-factor model of personality across instruments and observers.

Two data sources--self-reports and peer ratings--and two instruments--adjective factors and questionnaire scales--were used to assess the five-factor model of personality, showing substantial cross-observer agreement on all five adjective factors.

Cognitive neuropsychiatry?

  • A. David
  • Psychology
    Psychological Medicine
  • 1993
Cognitive neuropsychology has taken hold for at least two reasons apart from contemporary successes: the rigour of analyses by Shallice (1988), Caramazza (1986) and others, and the philosophical underpinnings articulated by Fodor (1983) in the principle of modularity.

The illusion of conscious will

Wegner (Wegner, D. (2002). The illusion of conscious will. MIT Press) argues that conscious will is an illusion, citing a wide range of empirical evidence. I shall begin by surveying some of his

In Search of Synergy in Small Group Performance

1. Introduction: Mapping the Territory. 2. Tasks: What Groups Do. 3. Idea Generation: Creative Thinking in Groups. 4. Problem Solving: Performing Tasks with Correct Solutions. 5. Judgment Calls:

Honest Signals - How They Shape Our World

In Honest Signals, Sandy Pentland presents the scientific background necessary for understanding this form of communication, applies it to examples of group behavior in real organizations, and shows how by "reading" their social networks the authors can become more successful at pitching an idea, getting a job, or closing a deal.