Evidence for S. cerevisiae Fermentation in Ancient Wine

Evidence for S. cerevisiae Fermentation in Ancient Wine
  author={Duccio Cavalieri and Patrick McGovern and Daniel L. Hartl and Robert K. Mortimer and Mario Polsinelli},
  journal={Journal of Molecular Evolution},
Saccharomyces cerevisiae is the principal yeast used in modern fermentation processes, including winemaking, breadmaking, and brewing. From residue present inside one of the earliest known wine jars from Egypt, we have extracted, amplified, and sequenced ribosomal DNA from S.cerevisiae. These results indicate that this organism was probably responsible for wine fermentation by at least 3150 B.C. This inference has major implications for the evolution of bread and beer yeasts, since it suggests… 
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  • Chemistry, Medicine
    Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • 2016
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On the origins of wine yeast.
Rapid identification of wine yeast species based on RFLP analysis of the ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region
The size of the PCR products and the restriction analyses with three restriction endonucleases yielded a specific restriction pattern for each species with the exception of the corresponding anamorph and teleomorph states, which presented identical patterns.
Phylogenetic analysis of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae group based on polymorphisms of rDNA spacer sequences.
PCR-RFLP analysis of ribosomal spacer sequences thus appears to be a useful and appropriate method for the correct characterization of Saccharomyces yeast strains used in food processing.
Molecular phylogeny of the fungi of the Iceman's grass clothing
Phylogenetic analyses suggest that the DNAs come from a psychrophilic basidiomycetous yeast, phylogenetically close to Leucosporidium scottii, and from two ascomycetes, one of which is possibly related to the Eurotiales.
Origins and ancient history of wine
Part I: Ancient Sayings About Wine Part II: Grapes and Wine: Hypothesis and Scientific Evidence The Archaeological Evidence for Winemaking, Distribution, and Consumption at the Proto-Historical Godin
A Phylogenetic Analysis of Saccharomyces Species by the Sequence of 18S–28S rRNA Spacer Regions
Two phylogenetic trees constructed by the neighbor‐joining method showed that all the species examined were distinguished from one another and closely related and far from the Saccharomyces sensu lato species.
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  • S. Pääbo
  • Biology
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 1989
The polymerase chain reaction can be used to amplify and study short mitochondrial DNA sequences that are of anthropological and evolutionary significance and opens up the prospect of performing diachronical studies of molecular evolutionary genetics.
Widespread origins of domestic horse lineages.
Domestication entails control of wild species and is generally regarded as a complex process confined to a restricted area and culture. Previous DNA sequence analyses of several domestic species have
The neighbor-joining method: a new method for reconstructing phylogenetic trees.
The neighbor-joining method and Sattath and Tversky's method are shown to be generally better than the other methods for reconstructing phylogenetic trees from evolutionary distance data.
Basic local alignment search tool.