Evidence for Early Hafted Hunting Technology

  title={Evidence for Early Hafted Hunting Technology},
  author={Jayne Wilkins and Benjamin J. Schoville and K S Brown and Michael Chazan},
  pages={942 - 946}
Ancient Weaponry Hafting, which allowed projectile points to be attached to a staff, was an important technological advance that greatly increased the functionality of weapons of early humans. This technology was used by both Neandertals and early Homo sapiens and is readily seen after about 200,000 to 300,000 years ago, but whether it was used by a common ancestor or was separately acquired by each species is unclear. Supporting use by a common ancestor, Wilkins et al. (p. 942) report that… 

Earliest Stone-Tipped Projectiles from the Ethiopian Rift Date to >279,000 Years Ago

Data from velocity-dependent microfracture features, diagnostic damage patterns, and artifact shape reported here indicate that pointed stone artifacts from Ethiopia were used as projectile weapons (in the form of hafted javelin tips) as early as >279,000 years ago, and isolate eastern Africa as a source of modern cultures and biology.

A Dynamical Analysis of the Suitability of Prehistoric Spheroids from the Cave of Hearths as Thrown Projectiles

It is shown that 81% of a sample of spheroids from the late Acheulean at the Cave of Hearths, South Africa afford being thrown so as to inflict worthwhile damage to a medium-sized animal over distances up to 25 m.

Direct dating of resin hafted point technology in Australia

Abstract The rare recovery of hafting technology from archaeological deposits around the world prevents a clear picture of Palaeolithic hafting arrangements. Without the recovery of hafted stone

Identifying Weapon Delivery Systems Using Macrofracture Analysis and Fracture Propagation Velocity: A Controlled Experiment

In the last few decades, zooarchaeological studies have demonstrated beyond doubt that the hunting abilities of hominins were quite formidable from quite early on. Unfortunately, direct evidence for

The origins and early elaboration of projectile technology

A review of current evidence and approaches shows that systematic PIM research could add much to the authors' understanding of early projectile technology, especially in Africa.

The complexity of Neanderthal technology

  • J. Hoffecker
  • Environmental Science
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 2018
Until the 1990s, wooden artifacts recovered from Lower and Middle Paleolithic sites were so rare that they existed more as curiosities than objects of study.

Exploring handaxe function at Shishan Marsh – 1: combining qualitative and quantitative approaches using the edge damage distribution method

Handaxes are some of the longest lasting and most iconic stone tools throughout human evolution. Appearing in the early Pleistocene, these bifacially flaked tools persisted around one and a half



Howiesons Poort segments as hunting weapons: Experiments with replicated projectiles

INTRODUCTION Ideas about the possible uses of Howiesons Poort backed artefacts, which appeared about 70 000 years ago, have been based on Later Stone Age and ethnographic examples. This paper

Lower Palaeolithic hunting spears from Germany

Some wooden throwing spears about 400,000 years old that were discovered in 1995 at the Pleistocene site at Schöningen, Germany are thought to be the oldest complete hunting weapons so far discovered to have been used by humans.

Stone tool function at the paleolithic sites of Starosele and Buran Kaya III, Crimea: Behavioral implications

Investigations of stone tool function, including microscopic use-wear and residue analyses, were performed on a sample of artifacts from the Paleolithic sites of Starosele and Buran Kaya III and suggest that hominids at both sites were broad-based foragers capable of exploiting a wide range of resources.

Getting to the point: Evolutionary change in prehistoric weaponry

The evolution of prehistoric weaponry remains an open question in North American archaeology. The traditional model argues for an early use of the throwing spear followed by the spearthrower and bow

Hunting weapons of the Middle Stone Age and the Middle Palaeolithic: spear points from Sibudu, Rose Cottage and Bouheben

This paper compares Middle Stone Age points from two South African sites, Sibudu and Rose Cottage, with points from Bouheben, a Middle Palaeolithic/Final Acheulian site in SW France. The Sibudu