Evidence for Co-evolution of West Nile Virus and House Sparrows in North America

  title={Evidence for Co-evolution of West Nile Virus and House Sparrows in North America},
  author={Nisha K. Duggal and A M Bosco-Lauth and Richard A. Bowen and Sarah S. Wheeler and William K. Reisen and Todd A. Felix and Brian Rick Mann and Hannah E. Romo and Daniele M. Swetnam and Alan D. T. Barrett and Aaron C Brault},
  booktitle={PLoS neglected tropical diseases},
West Nile virus (WNV) has been maintained in North America in enzootic cycles between mosquitoes and birds since it was first described in North America in 1999. House sparrows (HOSPs; Passer domesticus) are a highly competent host for WNV that have contributed to the rapid spread of WNV across the U.S.; however, their competence has been evaluated primarily using an early WNV strain (NY99) that is no longer circulating. Herein, we report that the competence of wild HOSPs for the NY99 strain… CONTINUE READING

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