Evidence for "direct" and "indirect" pathways through the song system basal ganglia.

@article{Farries2005EvidenceF,
  title={Evidence for "direct" and "indirect" pathways through the song system basal ganglia.},
  author={Michael A. Farries and Long Ding and David J Perkel},
  journal={The Journal of comparative neurology},
  year={2005},
  volume={484 1},
  pages={93-104}
}
Song learning in oscine birds relies on a circuit known as the "anterior forebrain pathway," which includes a specialized region of the avian basal ganglia. This region, area X, is embedded within a telencephalic structure considered homologous to the striatum, the input structure of the mammalian basal ganglia. Area X has many features in common with the mammalian striatum, yet has distinctive traits, including largely aspiny projection neurons that directly innervate the thalamus and a cell… CONTINUE READING
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Connections & Topics

Mentioned Connections BETA
AxonSibling in is aDendrites
Using electrophysiological and anatomical approaches , we found that area X contains a functional analog of the " direct " striatopallidothalamic pathway of mammals : axons of the striatal spiny neurons make close contacts on the somata and dendrites of pallidal cells .
DendritesSibling in is aAxon
Using electrophysiological and anatomical approaches , we found that area X contains a functional analog of the " direct " striatopallidothalamic pathway of mammals : axons of the striatal spiny neurons make close contacts on the somata and dendrites of pallidal cells .
AxonNo subtypeDendrites
Using electrophysiological and anatomical approaches , we found that area X contains a functional analog of the " direct " striatopallidothalamic pathway of mammals : axons of the striatal spiny neurons make close contacts on the somata and dendrites of pallidal cells .
DendritesNo subtypeAxon
Using electrophysiological and anatomical approaches , we found that area X contains a functional analog of the " direct " striatopallidothalamic pathway of mammals : axons of the striatal spiny neurons make close contacts on the somata and dendrites of pallidal cells .
We have proposed that area X is a mixture of striatum and globus pallidus and has the same functional organization as circuits in the mammalian basal ganglia .
We have proposed that area X is a mixture of striatum and globus pallidus and has the same functional organization as circuits in the mammalian basal ganglia .
We have proposed that area X is a mixture of striatum and globus pallidus and has the same functional organization as circuits in the mammalian basal ganglia .
AvesNo subtypeSongbirds
Song learning in oscine birds relies on a circuit known as the " anterior forebrain pathway , " which includes a specialized region of the avian basal ganglia .
Area X has many features in common with the mammalian striatum , yet has distinctive traits , including largely aspiny projection neurons that directly innervate the thalamus and a cell type that physiologically resembles neurons recorded in the mammalian globus pallidus .
We have proposed that area X is a mixture of striatum and globus pallidus and has the same functional organization as circuits in the mammalian basal ganglia .
We have proposed that area X is a mixture of striatum and globus pallidus and has the same functional organization as circuits in the mammalian basal ganglia .
Area X has many features in common with the mammalian striatum , yet has distinctive traits , including largely aspiny projection neurons that directly innervate the thalamus and a cell type that physiologically resembles neurons recorded in the mammalian globus pallidus .
SongbirdsNo subtypeAves
Song learning in oscine birds relies on a circuit known as the " anterior forebrain pathway , " which includes a specialized region of the avian basal ganglia .
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