Evidence base of incubation periods, periods of infectiousness and exclusion policies for the control of communicable diseases in schools and preschools

@article{Richardson2001EvidenceBO,
  title={Evidence base of incubation periods, periods of infectiousness and exclusion policies for the control of communicable diseases in schools and preschools},
  author={Martin Richardson and David A.C. Elliman and Helen Maguire and John Simpson and Angus Nicoll},
  journal={The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal},
  year={2001},
  volume={20},
  pages={380-391}
}
Background. The optimal control of communicable diseases requires accurate information on incubation periods, periods of infectiousness and the effectiveness of exclusion. We collected the available evidence for a wide range of infections and infestations and produced evidence-based guidelines for their control in schools and preschools. Methods. A thorough MEDLINE literature search was conducted on the incubation period, period of infectiousness and effectiveness of exclusion for 41 infections… 
Management and control of communicable diseases in schools and other child care settings: systematic review on the incubation period and period of infectiousness
BackgroundInformation on the incubation period and period of infectiousness or shedding of infectious pathogens is critical for management and control of communicable diseases in schools and other
Compliance with Exclusion Requirements to Prevent Mumps Transmission
TLDR
Given limited resources of local health departments, monitoring and ensuring compliance with exclusion control measures are likely to be a barrier in control of mumps, and these difficulties should be recognized as a potential issue in pandemic influenza planning.
Risk factors associated with outbreaks of seasonal infectious disease in school settings, England, UK
TLDR
Primary and all-through schools are identified as key settings for health protection interventions and public health teams need to work closely with these schools to encourage early identification and reporting of outbreaks.
Infectious diseases and daycare and preschool education.
TLDR
In the face of growing utilization of daycare and preschool education and their association with increased risk of acquired infections, control measures are indispensable to the prevention and control of infectious diseases.
Estimating the incubation period of hand, foot and mouth disease for children in different age groups
TLDR
The results show that the incubation period of HFMD for secondary schools students can be longer than the ranges commonly described, and an extended period of enhanced personal hygiene practice and disinfection of the environment may be needed to control outbreaks.
Containing Emerging Epidemics: a Quantitative Comparison of Quarantine and Symptom Monitoring
TLDR
A mathematical model is used of seven case study diseases to show how the choice of intervention is influenced by the natural history of the infectious disease, its inherent transmissibility, and the intervention feasibility in the particular healthcare setting to guide policy-makers on how best to use non-pharmaceutical interventions to contain emerging outbreaks.
UK guidelines for use of erythromycin chemoprophylaxis in persons exposed to pertussis.
TLDR
These guidelines are based on a review of the evidence and aim to help clinicians make more rational decisions on the use of erythromycin chemoprophylaxis for pertussis.
The Effects of School Holidays on Transmission of Varicella Zoster Virus, England and Wales, 1967–2008
TLDR
Reductions in contact between children during the school summer holiday lead to a reduction in the transmission of VZV, and these estimates are relevant for predicting how closing schools and nurseries may affect an outbreak of an emerging respiratory-spread pathogen.
Comparing nonpharmaceutical interventions for containing emerging epidemics
TLDR
It is shown that the comparative effectiveness of symptom monitoring and quarantine depends critically on the natural history of the infectious disease, its inherent transmissibility, and the intervention feasibility in the particular healthcare setting, and this quantitative framework can guide policymakers on how best to use nonpharmaceutical interventions and prioritize research during an outbreak of an emerging pathogen.
Mumps and the UK epidemic 2005
TLDR
The basis of the current epidemic is explained, the epidemiology, clinical presentation, complications, laboratory confirmation, and treatment of mumps are reviewed, and evidence based information on the internet is searched for.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 161 REFERENCES
THE INCUBATION PERIOD OF INFECTIOUS MONONUCLEOSIS.
  • R. Hoagland
  • Medicine
    American journal of public health and the nation's health
  • 1964
TLDR
Information is presented which indicates that infectious mononucleosis is a transmissible disease with an incubation period over a month long.
Incubation period, severity of disease, and infecting dose: evidence from a Salmonella outbreak.
TLDR
The authors discuss the evidence that incubation period is inversely related to dose, the use of incubationperiod as a marker for dose, and the role that individual differences in susceptibility play in determining both the incubation periods and the outcome.
A review of human salmonellosis: II. Duration of excretion following infection with nontyphi Salmonella.
TLDR
Despite the large number of convalescent excretors in the community at any one time, the paucity of outbreaks in which food handlers or hospital personnel are implicated suggests that their role in transmission of salmonella infection is small.
Giardia--diagnosis, clinical course and epidemiology. A review.
TLDR
The late summer/autumn peak in reported infection is difficult to explain while the age distribution is typical of an organism which is spread faeco-orally, and the apparent susceptibility to infection of certain population groups requires further exploration.
The natural history of infectious hepatitis.
Methods for estimating the duration of bacterial carriage.
TLDR
In two cohort studies on asymptomatic pharyngeal carriage of meningococci and of streptococci among schoolchildren, four methods are used to estimate the duration of bacterial carriage using a negative exponential model to the carriage survival curve.
RUBELLA EPIDEMIC ON ST. PAUL ISLAND IN THE PRIBILOFS, 1963. II. CLINICAL AND LABORATORY FINDINGS FOR THE INTENSIVE STUDY POPULATION.
TLDR
Indications from intensive clinical and laboratory observations were that rubella may occur without rash in a significant proportion of children and "Rubella with nodes only" may be difficult to confirm by virus isolation studies.
Paediatric aspects of the Aberdeen typhoid outbreak.
TLDR
An account of the clinical features and management of 86 children under the age of 12 years who were admitted between May 19 and June 25 in the first large epidemic of typhoid in this country for 30 years is given.
...
...