Evidence-Based Veterinary Dentistry: A Systematic Review of Homecare for Prevention of Periodontal Disease in Dogs and Cats

  title={Evidence-Based Veterinary Dentistry: A Systematic Review of Homecare for Prevention of Periodontal Disease in Dogs and Cats},
  author={Philip Roudebush and Ellen I Logan and Fraser A. Hale},
  journal={Journal of Veterinary Dentistry},
  pages={15 - 6}
Successful treatment and prevention of periodontal disease in pet animals requires a multidimensional approach to identify and eliminate exacerbating factors, provide scheduled professional examinations and care, and plan and implement a dental homecare program. Over the years, many therapeutic and preventive interventions have been developed or advocated for periodontal disease, but evidence of efficacy or effectiveness is highly variable. Accordingly, the main objective of this systematic… 
Nutrition and preventative oral healthcare treatments for canine and feline patients
Implementing dental home care in the puppy or kitten life stage can delay the onset of periodontal disease and increase acceptance, and beginning a routine soon after treatment can help prevent disease progression, and increase intervals between future treatments.
Determining a periodontal management program that is effective as well as orally and systemically safe can be challenging and optimal results require consistent communication and education between the veterinarian, the technician, and the client.
Dietary influences on periodontal health in dogs and cats.
  • E. Logan
  • Medicine, Biology
    The Veterinary clinics of North America. Small animal practice
  • 2006
Oral products and dental disease.
Dental disease in older pets is especially common, and as pets age, the incidence of dental disease increases, and dietary strategies to promote dental health have been established.
Practical dentistry for veterinary nurses
Dental prophylaxis Dental prophylaxis or COHAT (Complete oral health assessment and treatment) is a procedure including oral assessment under general anaesthesia, diagnosis and formulation of a
World Small Animal Veterinary Association Global Dental Guidelines.
These guidelines were developed to provide veterinarians with the information required to understand best practices for dental therapy and create realistic minimum standards of care.
Dental home care in dogs - a questionnaire study among Swedish dog owners, veterinarians and veterinary nurses
The results from this unique study constitute an important foundation for future development of prophylactic strategies, with the ultimate goal to improve dental health, and thereby animal welfare, in dogs.
Evaluation of Salivary Biochemistry in Dogs with and without Plaque, Calculus, and Gingivitis: Preliminary Results
Salivary LDH and phosphorus increase in dogs affected by plaque, supragingival calculus, and gingivitis, and this suggests their potential use as markers of periodontal disease in canine species.
What Is the Evdc? European Congress of Veterinary Dentistry Continuing Education with Bite! E C V D E C V D
This dental issue of EJCAP is the initiative of veterinary dentists who strongly believe that there is a need among general practitioners to extend their dental knowledge to the necessary level of competence, to reduce the number of iatrogenic complications and mistakes currently occuring.
Epidemiology of periodontal disease in dogs in the UK primary-care veterinary setting.
The high prevalence identified in this study highlights periodontal disease as a priority welfare concern forpredisposed breeds and Veterinarians can use this information to promote improved dental care in predisposed dogs, especially as these dogs age.


Feline experimental models for control of periodontal disease.
  • E. Boyce
  • Medicine, Biology
    The Veterinary clinics of North America. Small animal practice
  • 1992
Benefits of a ‘Dental Hygiene Chew’ on the Periodontal Health of Cats
It was the experience that daily feeding of the chew helped maintain dental hygiene in cats; however, regular professional therapy is still indicated.
Long Term Effects of a Dental Hygiene Chew on the Periodontal Health of Dogs
The results of the study support that feeding of the dental hygiene chew six days per week reduces accumulation of dental deposits, helps maintain periodontal health, and increases the time interval between professionalperiodontal intervention.
The Role of Tooth-brushing and Diet in the Maintenance of Periodontal Health in Dogs
Providing a dental hygiene chew daily seems to give an added health benefit when tooth-brushing is less frequent, and provides the pet owner with a useful adjunct for homecare.
Compliance with Oral Hygiene Recommendations following Periodontal Treatment in Client-Owned Dogs
At the time of survey, 53% of the clients were still brushing several times a week and 38% were no longer brushing at all.
Prevention of Bacteremia in Dogs Undergoing Dental Scaling by Prior Administration of Oral Clindamycin or Chlorhexidine Oral Rinse
Dogs with periodontitis were used to determine the efficacy of an oral regimen of clindamycin versus chlorhexidine acetate oral rinse in reducing the total number of bacteria and the incidence of
The Owner-Animal-Environment Triad in the Treatment of Canine Periodontal Disease
  • F. Hale
  • Medicine
    Journal of veterinary dentistry
  • 2003
The overriding goal of periodontal treatment should be the elimination and prevention of oral infection and oral pain, and I would suggest that the domesticated pet dog does not need teeth at all.
Effect of a New Dental Hygiene Chew on Periodontal Health in Dogs
Daily addition of the chew to the dry diet was effective in reducing plaque and calculus accumulation on the tooth surfaces, and also reduced the severity of gingivitis and oral malodor as compared to feeding the dry diets only.
Oral health assessment in dogs: study design and results.
Clinical studies show that the methods described can be used to identify plaque, calculus, and stain control attributable to chemical agents, oral hygiene aids, and consumable products.
Aerobes in Periodontal Disease in the Dog: A Review
The important effects of aerobic flora as well as their importance in contributing to periodontal disease development is reported.