Every Breath You Take—Every Dollar You’ll Make: The Long-Term Consequences of the Clean Air Act of 1970

  title={Every Breath You Take—Every Dollar You’ll Make: The Long-Term Consequences of the Clean Air Act of 1970},
  author={Adam Isen and Maya Rossin-Slater and William R. Walker},
  journal={Journal of Political Economy},
  pages={848 - 902}
This paper examines the long-term impacts of early childhood exposure to air pollution on adult outcomes using US administrative data. We exploit changes in air pollution driven by the 1970 Clean Air Act to analyze the difference in outcomes between cohorts born in counties before and after large improvements in air pollution relative to those same cohorts born in counties that had no improvements. We find a significant relationship between pollution exposure in the year of birth and later-life… Expand
What are the Long-Term Effects of Prenatal Air Pollution Exposure? Evidence from the BHPS
It is found that those with higher levels of prenatal exposure during the second trimester of gestation are more likely to be disabled, earn lower wages, and have worse health. Expand
Early Life Exposure to Air Pollution, Cognitive Development, and Labor Market Outcome*
In this paper, I study the impact of early life exposure to air pollution caused by the 1997 Indonesian forest fires on cognitive ability, an important determinant of success in the labor market. ToExpand
Early-life environment and human capital: evidence from the Philippines
  • Evan D Peet
  • Business
  • Environment and Development Economics
  • 2020
Abstract This study examines how human capital develops in response to early-life weather and pollution exposures in the Philippines. Both pollution and weather are examined in relation to short- andExpand
Long-run pollution exposure and mortality: Evidence from the Acid Rain Program
Abstract We estimate the effects of long-run pollution exposure on mortality by exploiting the United States Acid Rain Program (ARP) as a natural experiment. We use a difference-in-differences designExpand
Urban Air Pollution and Sick Leaves: Evidence from Social Security Data
We estimate the impact of air pollution on labor supply among workers affiliated to Spain’s universal sickness-leave insurance. We find that a 10% reduction in pollution reduces sick leaves by 0.8%Expand
The Long-Term Health and Economic Consequences of Improved Property Rights
This paper studies the long-run impacts of early childhood exposure to the institutional reform in Chinese agriculture from 1978 to 1984, which shifted the farming institution from collective systemExpand
Looking Back at Fifty Years of the Clean Air Act
Since 1970, transportation, power generation, and manufacturing have dramatically transformed as air pollutant emissions have fallen significantly. To evaluate the causal impacts of the Clean Air ActExpand
The Morbidity Costs of Air Pollution: Evidence from Spending on Chronic Respiratory Conditions
This paper links household level data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey to concentrations of particulate matter across 23 US metropolitan areas for the years 1999–2003 and finds that a standard deviation increase in fine particulate Matter increases spending on asthma and COPD by 12.7%. Expand
Labor market effects of dirty air. Evidence from administrative data
We study the impact of air pollution on labor supply and wage compensations in Italy. Matching administrative data on the universe of Italian dependent employees in the private sector with $${\hboxExpand
Why are Pollution Damages Lower in Developed Countries? Insights from High-Income, High-Particulate Matter Hong Kong
Early evidence is provided that marginal mortality damages from pollution are high in less-developed countries Because they are less developed, not because they are more polluted. Expand


What Doesn't Kill You Makes You Weaker: Prenatal Pollution Exposure and Educational Outcomes
I examine the impact of prenatal total suspended particulate (TSP) exposure on educational outcomes using county-level variation in the timing and severity of the industrial recession of the earlyExpand
Air Pollution and Infant Health: What Can We Learn from California's Recent Experience?
We examine the impact of air pollution on infant death in California over the 1990s. Our work offers several innovations: First, many previous studies examine populations subject to far greaterExpand
The Clean Air Act of 1970 and Adult Mortality
Previous research has established an association between air pollution and adult mortality. However, studies utilizing short-term fluctuations in pollution may detect mortality changes among theExpand
The Long-term Effects of Early Childhood Lead Exposure: Evidence from the Phase-out of Leaded Gasoline
From the late 1970s through mid 1990s blood-lead levels decreased drastically in Swedish children due to the sharp phase-out of leaded gasoline. Exploiting the distinct geographical variation inExpand
From the Cradle to the Labor Market? The Effect of Birth Weight on Adult Outcomes
Lower birth weight babies have worse outcomes, both short-run in terms of one year mortality rates and longer run in terms of educational attainment and earnings. However, recent research has calledExpand
Gray Matters: Fetal Pollution Exposure and Human Capital Formation
This paper examines the impact of fetal exposure to air pollution on fourth-grade test scores in Santiago, Chile. We rely on comparisons across siblings which address concerns about locationalExpand
The Long-Term Effects of Early Lead Exposure: Evidence from a Case of Environmental Negligence
This paper estimates the effect of early lead exposure on academic achievement and adult earnings. We analyze longitudinal information from individuals attending primary and secondary schools in theExpand
Air Pollution and Infant Health: Lessons from New Jersey
It is found that consistently negative effects of exposure to carbon monoxide, both during and after birth, with effects considerably larger for smokers and older mothers are found. Expand
Long Run Impacts of Childhood Access to the Safety Net
A growing economics literature establishes a causal link between in utero shocks and health and human capital in adulthood. Most studies rely on extreme negative shocks such as famine and pandemics.Expand
The Influence of Early-Life Events on Human Capital, Health Status, and Labor Market Outcomes Over the Life Course
The evidence is consistent with a negative reinforcing intergenerational transmission of disadvantage within the family; parental economic status influences birth outcomes, birth outcomes have long reaching effects on health and economic status in adulthood, which in turn leads to poor birth outcomes for one’s own children. Expand