OBJECTIVE The incidence of postoperative hypertension (HTN) after eversion carotid endarterectomy (e-CEA) was compared with that after standard carotid endarterectomy (s-CEA). METHODS In a retrospective analysis from January 1998 to January 2000, 217 patients underwent 219 CEAs for symptomatic (68) or asymptomatic (151) high-grade (>80%) carotid artery stenosis by either standard (137) or eversion (82) techniques. The eversion technique involves an oblique transection of the internal carotid artery at the carotid bulb and a subsequent endarterectomy by everting the internal carotid artery over the atheromatous plaque. All procedures were done under general anesthesia, and somatosensory-evoked potentials were used for cerebral monitoring. Patients with s-CEA were compared with those with e-CEA for postoperative hemodynamic instability, carotid sinus nerve block, requirement for intravenous vasodilators or vasopressors, stroke, and death. RESULTS Patients who underwent e-CEA had a significantly (P <.005) increased postoperative blood pressure and required more frequent intravenous antihypertensive medication (24%), compared with patients having an s-CEA (6%). Furthermore, postoperative vasopressors were required after 10% of s-CEAs, but after none of the e-CEAs. No statistically significant difference was noted in the morbidity or mortality of patients after s-CEA and e-CEA. CONCLUSION e-CEA is a substantial risk factor for HTN in the immediate postoperative period, when compared with the s-CEA. This difference would be even more remarkable in the absence of antihypertensive medications in the e-CEA group and vasopressors in the s-CEA group. Therefore, particular attention should be focused on diagnosing and controlling postoperative HTN in patients after e-CEA.