Events and Controversies: Influences of a Shocking News Event on Information Seeking

@article{Koutra2015EventsAC,
  title={Events and Controversies: Influences of a Shocking News Event on Information Seeking},
  author={Danai Koutra and Paul N. Bennett and Eric Horvitz},
  journal={Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on World Wide Web},
  year={2015}
}
It has been suggested that online search and retrieval contributes to the intellectual isolation of users within their preexisting ideologies, where people's prior views are strengthened and alternative viewpoints are infrequently encountered. This so-called "filter bubble" phenomenon has been called out as especially detrimental when it comes to dialog among people on controversial, emotionally charged topics, such as the labeling of genetically modified food, the right to bear arms, the death… 
Influences of a Shocking News Event on Web Browsing
TLDR
The period of time preceding and following a mass shooting is studied to understand how its occurrence, follow-on discussions, and debate may have been linked to changes in the patterns of searching and browsing.
Information Preferences of Reddit Communities Surrounding the
TLDR
This study examines the information practices and preferences of three subreddits (r/News, r/Feminism, and r/MensRights) surrounding the Brock Turner case, in the context of theories of rape culture, information worlds, and communities of practice.
Message Impartiality in Social Media Discussions
TLDR
This work operationalize message impartiality in terms of how discernible the affiliation of its author is, and introduces a methodology for quantifying it automatically, and provides new insights into the temporal evolution of online discussions centered around major political and sporting events.
Limiting the Spread of Fake News on Social Media Platforms by Evaluating Users' Trustworthiness
TLDR
A mechanism to limit the spread of fake news which is not based on content is implemented as a plugin on a social media platform and shows that having a few thousands users exposed to one given news item enables to reach a very precise estimation of its reliability.
The evolving perception of controversial movies
TLDR
It is found that controversy decreases with popularity and that hard controversy is relatively rare, and the dynamics of polarization in the movie ratings collected by the IMDb website in relation to films produced over the period 1915-2015 are studied.
Analysis and Prediction of Multilingual Controversy on Reddit
TLDR
It is found that across all languages user activity is the most predictive of controversy on Reddit, and can serve as a foundation for tools and models to automatically detect controversial content posted on such platforms.
Measuring Online Social Bubbles
TLDR
There is a strong correlation between collective and individual diversity, supporting the notion that when the authors use social media they find ourselves inside “social bubbles,” and could lead to a deeper understanding of how technology biases their exposure to new information.
The dynamics of Twitter users’ gun narratives across major mass shooting events
This study reveals a shift of gun-related narratives created by two ideological groups during three high-profile mass shootings in the United States across the years from 2016 to 2018. It utilizes
Evaluating Public Response to the Boston Marathon Bombing and Other Acts of Terrorism through Twitter
TLDR
It is shown that, while these events do not significantly impact general Twitter usage, those users who are discussing the event behave in predictable ways across all three events and local news affiliates and law enforcement agencies emerge as central actors in the networks.
Search bias quantification: investigating political bias in social media and web search
TLDR
A generalizable search bias quantification framework is proposed that not only measures the political bias in ranked list output by the search system but also decouples the bias introduced by the different sources—input data and ranking system.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 61 REFERENCES
Resisting Political Fragmentation on the Internet
Abstract Must the Internet promote political fragmentation? Although this is a possible outcome of personalized online news, we argue that other futures are possible and that thoughtful design could
Bursting your (filter) bubble: strategies for promoting diverse exposure
TLDR
What scholars know about selectivity of exposure preferences and actual exposure and what the authors in the CSCW field can do to develop and test ways of promoting diverse exposure, openness to the diversity they actually encounter are reviewed.
Politically Motivated Reinforcement Seeking: Reframing the Selective Exposure Debate
This article seeks to reframe the selective exposure debate by demonstrating that people exhibit a preference for opinion-reinforcing political information without systematically avoiding opinion
Promoting Civil Discourse Through Search Engine Diversity
TLDR
A method to algorithmically encourage people to read diverse political opinions by choosing documents of opposing viewpoints that have a language model closer to their own language model is developed and tested.
Encouraging Reading of Diverse Political Viewpoints with a Browser Widget
TLDR
A field deployment of a browser extension showed users feedback about the political lean of their weekly and all time reading behaviors led to a modest move toward balanced exposure, corresponding to 1-2 visits per week to ideologically opposing sites or 5-10 additional visits to centrist sites.
Presenting diverse political opinions: how and how much
TLDR
This work examines the relationship between the numbers of supporting and challenging items in a collection of political opinion items and readers' satisfaction, and evaluates whether simple presentation techniques such as highlighting agreeable items or showing them first can increase satisfaction when fewer agreeable items are present.
Recent Research on Selective Exposure to Information
  • D. Frey
  • Biology, Business
    Advances in Experimental Social Psychology
  • 1986
SELECTIVE EXPOSURE TO INFORMATION: A CRITICAL REVIEW
This study reviews the literature on selective exposure to information and re-analyzes prevalent theories by pointing up existing knowledge regarding the extent to which communication bias and
Harmony and dissonance: organizing the people's voices on political controversies
TLDR
To understand the landscape of opinions, it would be helpful to know which politician or other stakeholder takes which position - support or opposition - on these aspects of controversial topics.
Diversity of Political Conversation on the Internet: Users' Perspectives
TLDR
Findings lend support to the view that people appreciate the diversity of persons and viewpoints they encounter in their chosen discussion spaces and raise questions about the accuracy of that perspective in characterizing people's online communication behavior.
...
...