Evaluation of the effectiveness of EEG neurofeedback training for ADHD in a clinical setting as measured by changes in T.O.V.A. scores, behavioral ratings, and WISC-R performance

  title={Evaluation of the effectiveness of EEG neurofeedback training for ADHD in a clinical setting as measured by changes in T.O.V.A. scores, behavioral ratings, and WISC-R performance},
  author={Joel F. Lubar and Michie Odle Swartwood and Jeffery N. Swartwood and Phyllis H. O'Donnell},
  journal={Biofeedback and Self-regulation},
A study with three component parts was performed to assess the effectiveness of neurofeedback treatment for Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). The subject pool consisted of 23 children and adolescents ranging in age from 8 to 19 years with a mean of 11.4 years who participated in a 2-to 3-month summer program of intensive neurofeedback training. Feedback was contingent on the production of 16–20 hertz (beta) activity in the absence of 4–8 hertz (theta) activity. Posttraining… 
Neurofeedback Treatment for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children: A Comparison with Methylphenidate
It is suggested that neurofeedback was efficient in improving some of the behavioral concomitants of ADHD in children whose parents favored a nonpharmacological treatment.
1Controlled evaluation of a neurofeedback training of slow cortical potentials in children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
There is a specific training effect of neurofeedback of slow cortical potentials due to enhanced cortical control in Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, however, non-specific factors, such as parental support, may also contribute to the positive behavioural effects induced by the Neurofeedback training.
Learning curves of theta/beta neurofeedback in children with ADHD
This study shows that children with ADHD can gain control over EEG states during neurofeedback, although a lack of behavioral correlates may indicate insufficient transfer to daily functioning, or to confounding reinforcement of electromyographic activity.
Are treatment effects of neurofeedback training in children with ADHD related to the successful regulation of brain activity? A review on the learning of regulation of brain activity and a contribution to the discussion on specificity
A review of studies on neurofeedback training with ADHD patients which include the analysis of learning across training sessions or relate training performance to outcome is presented, and it is concluded that in the discussion on specificity, more attention should be devoted to theAnalysis of EEG regulation performance in the course of the training and its impact on clinical outcome.
Effects of assisted training with neurofeedback on EEG measures, executive function and mood in a sample from normal population
Training in neurofeedback (NF) is to teach individuals to modify, adjust and enhance their brain activity pattern. The aim of our research was to evaluate the effect of training on cognitive
Slow cortical potential neurofeedback in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: is there neurophysiological evidence for specific effects?
SCP neurofeedback improves only selected attentional brain functions as measurable with QEEG at rest or CNV mapping, and effects of neurofeedbacks including the advantage of NF over GT seem mediated by both specific and non-specific factors.
Neurofeedback for Children with ADHD: A Comparison of SCP and Theta/Beta Protocols
Both groups were able to intentionally regulate cortical activity and improved in attention and IQ and clinical effects for both groups remained stable six months after treatment.
Objective and Subjective Evaluation of Neurofeedback Trainings in Nonclinical Individuals
Neurofeedback training aims to teach self-regulation through signals derived from neural activity. In children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, neurofeedback generally focuses on
Neurofeedback as a Treatment for ADHD: A Methodological Review with Implications for Future Research
Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) represents one of the most common psychiatric disorders in childhood,resulting in serious impairment across a variety of domains. Research showing that
[Neurofeedback for children with ADHD: a comparison of SCP- and theta/beta-protocols].
Both groups are able to voluntarily regulate cortical activity, with the extent of learned self-regulation depending on task and condition, and clinical effects for both groups remain stable six months after training.


EMG and EEG biofeedback training in the treatment of a 10-year-old hyperactive boy with a developmental reading disorder
The serial application of electromyographic (EMG) and sensorimotor (SMR) biofeedback training was attempted with a 10-year-old boy presenting a triad of symptoms: an attention deficit disorder with
Wechsler (wisc-r) changes following treatment of learning disabilities via eeg biofeedback raining in a private practice setting
Abstract This paper presents Wechsler (WISC-R) profiles and changes following the application of an EEG biofeedback treatment regimen for brain-based learning disabilities. EEG biofeedback trained
Electroencephalographic biofeedback of SMR and beta for treatment of attention deficit disorders in a clinical setting
The results indicate that EEG biofeedback training, if applied comprehensively, can be highly effective in helping to remediate children who are experiencing attention deficit disorders.
Discourse on the development of EEG diagnostics and biofeedback for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorders
  • J. Lubar
  • Psychology
    Biofeedback and self-regulation
  • 1991
A rationale for the diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and treatment of ADHD employing EEG biofeedback techniques and the development of EEG and event-related potential (ERP) assessment paradigms and treatment protocols for this disorder are presented.
Behavioral management of epileptic seizures following EEG biofeedback training of the sensorimotor rhythm
Eight severely epileptic patients, four males and four females, ranging in age from 10 to 29 years, were trained to increase 12–14 Hz EEG activity from the regions overlying the Rolandic area. This
Cerebral glucose metabolism in adults with hyperactivity of childhood onset.
The hypothesis that cerebral glucose metabolism might differ between normal adults (controls) and adults with histories of hyperactivity in childhood who continued to have symptoms after treatment with stimulant medication is investigated.
Biofeedback Training of the Sensorimotor Electroencephalogram Rhythm in Man: Effects on Epilepsy
Training in four epileptic patients, who previously were not controlled by chemotherapy, was accompanied by a significant reduction of EEG and clinical epileptic manifestations, as indicated by sequential power spectral analysis, clinical EEG records, and seizure logs.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Handbook for Diagnosis and Treatment
Part I: The Nature of ADHD. Barkley, History. Barkley, Primary Symptoms, Diagnostic Criteria, Prevalence, and Gender Differences. Barkley, Associated Cognitive, Developmental, and Health Problems.