Evaluation of the effect of surface preparation using phosphoric acid and luting cement on the flexural strength of porcelain laminate veneering material.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Conventionally HF acid has been used for etching ceramic veneer restorations before their cementation. Studies are lacking regarding the effectiveness of phosphoric acid as a substitute for HF acid for etching the ceramic veneers. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of surface preparation of porcelain laminate veneers using phosphoric acid, as compared to HF acid etching in providing the necessary surface roughness conducive to development of an effective bond between the ceramic laminate and the resin luting cement. METHODS 210 porcelain discs of 15 mm diameter and 0.9 mm thickness were prepared. These study samples were divided into seven groups of thirty samples each. Surfaces of the first (control) and the second group of samples were not prepared. The surfaces of other five groups were prepared with different surface treatments. Further all the groups of specimens were coated with a layer of resin luting cement. Flexural strength of each specimen was determined using universal testing machine and the results were compared. RESULTS The combination surface treatment using alumina surface abrasion followed by etching with phosphoric acid provided the highest flexural strength with the mean flexural strength of 101.11 MPa, followed by alumina surface abrasion (95.41 MPa), and phosphoric acid surface etching (81.68 MPa). CONCLUSION Laminate veneers surface treated using 50 μm alumina abrasion followed by etching with phosphoric acid showed the highest flexural strengths after resin coating compared to other groups.

DOI: 10.1016/j.mjafi.2012.08.026

Cite this paper

@article{Guruprasada2015EvaluationOT, title={Evaluation of the effect of surface preparation using phosphoric acid and luting cement on the flexural strength of porcelain laminate veneering material.}, author={Guruprasada and N Rivankar and R K Dhiman and M. Viswambaran}, journal={Medical journal, Armed Forces India}, year={2015}, volume={71 Suppl 2}, pages={S299-305} }