Evaluation of the dual route theory of reading: a metanalysis of 35 neuroimaging studies

  title={Evaluation of the dual route theory of reading: a metanalysis of 35 neuroimaging studies},
  author={Ga{\"e}l Jobard and Fabrice Crivello and Nathalie Tzourio-Mazoyer},
Reading in a deep orthography: neuromagnetic evidence for dual-mechanisms
The temporal dynamics of MEG imaged neuronal activity are focused on, during performance of an oddball version of continuous lexical-decision, to determine whether the onset latency of any cortical language region shows effects of word class that are indicative of preferential versus obligatory processing pathways.
Can cognitive models explain brain activation during word and pseudoword reading? A meta-analysis of 36 neuroimaging studies.
A framework is developed that enables predictions for neural activity to be derived from cognitive models of reading using 2 principles: the extent to which a model component or brain region is engaged by a stimulus and how much effort is exerted in processing that stimulus.
Testing for the Dual-Route Cascade Reading Model in the Brain: An fMRI Effective Connectivity Account of an Efficient Reading Style
A connective neural account is provided in the aim of accommodating the main principles of the DRC framework and to make predictions on reading skill, suggesting an optimal pattern of cerebral information trafficking which leads to high reading performance.
In cerebro unveiling unconscious mechanisms during reading
Neuro-imaging studies of reading converge to suggest that linguistically elementary stimuli are confined to the activation of bilateral posterior regions, whereas linguistically complex stimuli
Triangulation of the neurocomputational architecture underpinning reading aloud
Data support the view that reading aloud is underpinned by the joint operation of two neural pathways, and reveal that the ATL is an important element of the ventral semantic pathway and the division of labor between the two routes varies according to both the properties of the words being read and individual differences in the degree to which participants rely on each route.
Exploring a Common Neural Substrate of Reading and Spelling
Investigating whether the cortical region responsible for orthographic processing during reading is also activated during spelling in the same individuals using fMRI showed that the left mid fusiform gyrus corresponding to the VWFA is associated.


Neuroimaging Studies of Word and Pseudoword Reading: Consistencies, Inconsistencies, and Limitations
The results illustrate that pseudowords place increased demands on areas that have previously been linked to lexical retrieval, and highlight the importance of including one or more baselines to qualify word type effects.
Functional anatomy of reading
The Neural Circuitry Involved in the Reading of German Words and Pseudowords: A PET Study
Silent reading and reading aloud of German words and pseudowords were used in a PET study using (15O) butanol to examine the neural correlates of reading and of the phonological conversion of legal
The Effects of Presentation Rate During Word and Pseudoword Reading: A Comparison of PET and fMRI
These findings replicate the results of the previous PET study, confirming that activation in regions associated with visual processing and response generation increases with the number of stimuli.
Segregating Semantic from Phonological Processes during Reading
Using positron emission tomography, this study identifies the neural correlates of semantic knowledge by contrasting semantic decision on visually presented words to phonological decision on the same words, and associating semantic knowledge with the extrasylvian left temporal cortex and the segmentation of phonology with the perisylVian cortex.
fMRI Evidence for Dual Routes to the Mental Lexicon in Visual Word Recognition
Event-related fMRI was used to investigate lexical decisions to words of high and low frequency of occurrence and to pseudowords, and bilateral occipito-temporal brain areas and posterior left middle temporal gyrus were identified as contributing to the successful mapping of orthographic percepts onto visual word form representations.
Brain mechanisms for reading words and pseudowords: an integrated approach.
Findings are consistent with the existence of two different brain mechanisms that support phonological processing in word reading: one mechanism that subserves assembled phonology and depends on the posterior part of STGp, and a second mechanism that is responsible for pronouncing words with rare print-to-sound correspondences and does not necessarily involve this region but instead appears to depend on MTGp.
Reopening the Mental Imagery Debate: Lessons from Functional Anatomy
A body of recent results indicates that there is no unique mental imagery cortical network; rather, it reflects the high degree of interaction between mental imagery and other cognitive functions.
Functional Neuroanatomy of the Semantic System: Divisible by What?
Results suggest that, within a distributed conceptual system activated by words, the more prominent neural distinction relates to type of attribute, as a function of attribute type.
Brain activity during reading. The effects of exposure duration and task.
Until it is understood how subtle variations in experimental design influence brain activity during reading tasks, the association of specific processing functions with individual anatomical areas activated during reading is premature.