[Evaluation of the cosmetic effect of orbital endoimplantation after removal the eyeball].

Abstract

The purpose of our study was to evaluate the cosmetic effect of endoimplantation after removal the eyeball. The removal of the globe creates anatomic and physiological alteration of the orbital tissue and orbital bones. A volume deficit occurs when an eye is enucleated. Deep upper lid sulcus, ptosis, lower lid laxity, and enophthalmus of the artificial eye together constitute the postenucleation socket syndrome, which creates an asymmetry of the face. The orbital prosthesis by placing it in the orbital cavity allows correcting volume deficit, so the implant with attached extraocular muscles, together with an artificial eye, creates an illusion of real eye. Forty patients were operated on in Clinic of Eye Diseases of Kaunas University of Medicine Hospital. Twenty patients underwent removal of the eye and procedure of orbital implant insertion (main group). Twenty patients had just an eyeball removal without insertion of an orbital implant (control group). There was a statistically significant difference in exophthalmometry data between main and control groups (14.20+/-2.73 vs. 10.35+/-1.23 mm, respectively; p<0.05). The motility of artificial eye laterally (4.30+/-1.66 mm), medially (3.65+/-1.23 mm), up (3.70+/-1.13 mm), and down (3.40+/-1.19 mm) in the main group was significantly better as compared to the control group (p<0.05), where motility of the artificial eye was 0.60+/-0.68 mm laterally, 0.70+/-0.92 mm medially, 0.30+/-0.66 mm up, and 0.30+/-0.47 mm down. Therefore, a much better symmetry, better movement of the artificial eye, and less severe form of postenucleation syndrome were observed in patients who underwent orbital endoimplantation after eyeball removal.

Cite this paper

@article{Pikinien2006EvaluationOT, title={[Evaluation of the cosmetic effect of orbital endoimplantation after removal the eyeball].}, author={Raimonda Pi{\vs}kinienė}, journal={Medicina}, year={2006}, volume={42 9}, pages={717-24} }