Evaluation of the Effects of Naloxone on Recovery Time and Quality after Ketamine-Medetomidine-Butorphanol Anesthesia in Servals (Leptailurus serval)

@inproceedings{Moresco2009EvaluationOT,
  title={Evaluation of the Effects of Naloxone on Recovery Time and Quality after Ketamine-Medetomidine-Butorphanol Anesthesia in Servals (Leptailurus serval)},
  author={Anneke Moresco and R. Scott Larsen and Angela J Lassiter},
  booktitle={Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians},
  year={2009}
}
Abstract This study was conducted to evaluate whether the administration of naloxone (NAL) had an impact on the speed or quality of recovery in servals anesthetized with ketamine, butorphanol, and medetomidine. Twenty-two clinically healthy, captive servals (Leptailurus serval) were anesthetized for routine physical examinations using ketamine (3 mg/kg), medetomidine (0.03 mg/kg), and butorphanol (0.3 mg/kg). Eleven animals were administered atipamezole (5 mg/mg medetomidine) and NAL (0.1 mg/mg… 
MEDETOMIDINE-KETAMINE-MIDAZOLAM VERSUS MEDETOMIDINE-KETAMINE-BUTORPHANOL FOR IMMOBILIZATION OF RED KANGAROOS (OSPHRANTER RUFUS)
TLDR
Both protocols provided smooth induction, good immobilization, and generally quick recovery, and MKB is recommended for shorter induction time.
Comparison of anesthesia with fully reversible dexmedetomidine-butorphanol-midazolam versus ketamine-midazolam in captive Asian small-clawed otters (Aonyx cinereus).
TLDR
Both protocols were safe and effective for this species, but the reversible nature of dexmedetomidine-butorphanol-midazolam resulted in more rapid recoveries than did ketamine-midAZolam.
Chemical immobilization of captive Cougars Puma concolor (Linnaeus, 1771) (Carnivora: Felidae) using a combination of tiletamine-zolazepam, ketamine and xylazine
TLDR
Though vital signs were not significantly affected, a degree of hypoventilation was observed and respiratory support is recommended when using this anesthetic combination in cougars.

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