Evaluation of the DSM-III criteria for melancholia.

  title={Evaluation of the DSM-III criteria for melancholia.},
  author={James C. Nelson and Dennis S. Charney and Donald Quinlan},
  journal={Archives of general psychiatry},
  volume={38 5},
The DSM-III criteria for melancholia are intended to define an endogenomorphic subcategory of major depressive episode for which somatic treatment is usually required. One hundred twenty-three inpatients having a major depressive episode were examined retrospectively to determine the ability of the melancholia criteria to identify patients observed to have an autonomous syndrome during the first week of hospitalization and to distinguish them from patients observed to be responsive to… CONTINUE READING