Evaluation of sequential plasma and urinary tumor necrosis factor alpha levels in renal allograft recipients.


The macrophage cytokine tumor necrosis factor-alpha is released early in immune activation and may be detected in the peripheral circulation. This study has investigated the occurrence of plasma and urinary TNF in 30 renal allograft recipients. Although circulating TNF may be detected in 20% of pretransplant or normal control samples, levels were… (More)


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