Evaluation of potential strategies to SLow Ash Mortality (SLAM) caused by emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis): SLAM in an urban forest

  title={Evaluation of potential strategies to SLow Ash Mortality (SLAM) caused by emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis): SLAM in an urban forest},
  author={Deborah G. McCullough and Rodrigo J. Mercader},
  journal={International Journal of Pest Management},
  pages={23 - 9}
Emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), an invasive pest native to Asia, has killed millions of ash (Fraxinus spp.) trees in North America since it was first discovered there in 2002. As of autumn 2011, A. planipennis has been detected in 15 US states and two Canadian provinces. A pilot project to slow the onset and progression of ash mortality, termed SLAM (SLow Ash Mortality), has been implemented in localized A. planipennis populations. Here we use… 
Impact of Emerald Ash Borer (EAB) under Different Management Strategies in Downtown Toronto: Publicly and Privately Owned
Emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) (EAB) was first introduced into North America during the late 1990s and has since caused devasting economic and ecological
Effects of forest features and location on emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis) infestation severity of ash (Fraxinus spp.) trees
The hypothesis that Douglas and Burt Lakes are either not significant barriers to the spread of EAB, or that they are no longer effective barriers, is supported, as data support the hypothesis that increased Fraxinus spp.
Challenges, tactics and integrated management of emerald ash borer in North America
  • D. McCullough
  • Environmental Science
    Forestry: An International Journal of Forest Research
  • 2019
Area-wide management strategies that integrate insecticide-treated trees, girdled ash trap trees and biological control can be adapted for local conditions to slow and reduce EAB impacts.
A new forest pest in Europe: a review of Emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis) invasion
Although it is obvious that EAB will become a major pest in Europe, early and dedicated response will likely be able to reduce the level of ash mortality, and thus improve the opportunity for long‐term survival of ash as an important component in European forests.
Seven-Year Evaluation of Insecticide Tools for Emerald Ash Borer in Fraxinus pennsylvanica (Lamiales: Oleaceae) Trees.
It is suggested that spring treatments were generally more effective in reducing canopy decline than fall treatments, but this difference was not statistically significant, and all tested insecticides under all tested conditions significantly reduced the rate of increase of dieback.
Spread and dispersal of emerald ash borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae): estimating the spatial dynamics of a difficult-to-detect invasive forest pest
Abstract The emerald ash borer (EAB), Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), is a destructive invasive pest that threatens North American ash (Fraxinus (Oleaceae)) and inflicts
Optimizing Use of Girdled Ash Trees for Management of Low-Density Emerald Ash Borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) Populations.
Relatively few adult emerald ash borer emerged from trees felled 11 mo after girdling and left on site through the following summer, suggesting removal or destruction of girdled ash trees may be unnecessary.


Simulating the effectiveness of three potential management options to slow the spread of emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis) populations in localized outlier sites
Simulations indicate that systemic insecticide applications provided the greatest reduction in the radial spread of A. planipennis when treatments were applied 1 to 4 years after in- festations were initiated.
Estimating Potential Emerald Ash Borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) Populations Using Ash Inventory Data
Abstract Emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), a phloem-feeding pest native to Asia, was identified in June 2002 as the cause of widespread ash (Fraxinus spp.),
Influence of Host Stress on Emerald Ash Borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) Adult Density, Development, and Distribution in Fraxinus pennsylvanica Trees
Adult A. planipennis captures, larval density and development did not differ significantly between untreated trees and trees exposed to methyl jasmonate in either year, and detection and predictions of its population dynamics were good.
Emerald Ash Borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) Attraction to Stressed or Baited Ash Trees
It is shown that freshly girdled and open grown trees were most attractive to A. planipennis, especially at low-density sites, and debarking trees to locate larval galleries is crucial.
Dispersal of the emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis, in newly‐colonized sites
It is demonstrated that larval densities rapidly declined with distance, and that most larvae were on trees within 100 m of the emergence point of the adults at each site, as well as the larval distribution pattern observed at both sites was adequately described by the negative exponential function.
Emerald Ash Borer (Agrilus planipennis) Density and Canopy Dieback in Three North American Ash Species
Results indicate that surveys for A. planipennis indicate that this invasive pest would exhibit a preference for a particular North American ash species, and density increased by two- to fourfold in both species over a 3-year period.
Can Emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), emerge from logs two summers after infested trees are cut?
It is suggested that EAB adults can emerge from logs for two successive emergence periods after infested ash trees have been cut.
Host Range of the Emerald Ash Borer (Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire) (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) in North America: Results of Multiple-Choice Field Experiments
Emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire), an invasive phloem-feeding pest, was identified as the cause of widespread ash mortality in southeast Michigan and Windsor, Ontario, Canada in 2002 and there is concern that other genera could be colonized.