Evaluation of monoexponential extrapolation of transpulmonary thermal-dye kinetics by use of a new model-free deconvolution algorithm.

Abstract

This study evaluates the routine mathematic approach (monoexponential extrapolation) for analysis of transpulmonary thermal-dye dilution curves and estimates the effects of systemic-indicator recirculation by use of a deconvolution technique. Fifteen dogs anesthetized with N2O-piritramid were studied before and after induction of pulmonary edema by oleic acid. After introduction of central venous indicator (10 ml of a mixture of cold blood and indocyanine green dye), dilution data were recorded from the pulmonary artery and the ascending aorta. The conclusions were: (1) monoexponential extrapolation yields reasonably good estimates of the mean transit times of dye; (2) mean transit times of heat are usually overestimated by monoexponential extrapolation; (3) extravascular lung thermal volume assessed by monoexponential extrapolation is overestimated by 2.03 ml/kg of body mass under baseline conditions; and (4) the prepulmonary volume of distribution of heat exceeds that of dye by 1.4 ml/kg of body mass, thus increasing the overestimation of pulmonary extravascular heat-accessible space by the conventional technique.

Cite this paper

@article{Bck1988EvaluationOM, title={Evaluation of monoexponential extrapolation of transpulmonary thermal-dye kinetics by use of a new model-free deconvolution algorithm.}, author={Johann B{\"{o}ck and Peter Deuflhard and Andreas Hoeft and H. Korb and Johannes Steinmann and Hans Georg Wolpers and Gerhard Hellige}, journal={Medical instrumentation}, year={1988}, volume={22 1}, pages={20-8} }