Evaluation of four techniques of warming intravenous fluids


Purpose. This study was conducted to compare the fluid warming capabilities at different flow rates in four different warming systems. Methods. The intravenous (IV) fluid warmers used in this study were a water-bath warmer, a forced-air warmer, a dry-heat plate warmer, and an IV fluid tube warmer. Ringer's solution at room temperature or at ice-cold… (More)
DOI: 10.1007/s005400200010

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